15th August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson (later, Signe Hasso) Swedish born American actress.


Society and Culture: at St Mary Magdalene Parish church in Old Milton, Hampshire, in southern England, Ethel Henrietta Florence Burton (25) marries Frank Rex (“Jimmy”) Fletcher (25).


Leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a Sunday afternoon outing in the country (after church) with friends in their  “lovely Humber car… Maud [his fiance]wore a bewitching black veil tied over a soft hat + her black furs + when she nestled down into the billowy soft cushions + was tucked in with a nice fur rug, she looked like a sweetest little adorable duchess one could imagine.”



Gallipoli: In response to the continuing failures of allied attacks on the Turkish at Suvla Bay, the British Secretary of War (Kitchener) dismisses the General in charge. Several more senior military men are either dismissed or voluntarily resign, an option sadly not available to the long suffering and frequently dying troops.


 On the (British) Home Front: Under the recent National Registration Act, all UK citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 are required today to register as at the their current residential address.



7th August 1915 (Saturday)


~ In Aachen, Germany – Herman P Schwan,  the “founding father of biomedical engineering“.


~ In Brooklyn, New York City – Gary Underhill, a CIA agent who perhaps knew too much for his own good. Found shot dead in May 1964, and officially ruled as a suicide.



Gallipoli: At the small, but disastrous, “Battle of the Nek”, Australian casualties include 234 out of the 300 men of the 8th Light Horse Regiment (154 killed) and 138 out of 300 from the 10th (80 killed).


6th August, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Budapest in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now the capital of Hungary) to American heiress Gladys Virginia Steuart and her husband, Count Gyula Apponyi de Nagy Appony – “The “White Rose of Hungary”, Countess Géraldine Margit Virginia Olga Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony, who worked as a shorthand typist and shop assistant, and later as Queen Geraldine of the Albanians, the Queen Consort of King Zog I, who reigned from 1928 to 1939.

After more than 60 years of wandering refugee life (including spells at the Ritz and at Ascot), Geraldine was permitted to return to communist Albania in 2002, where she died 5 months later in a military hospital, still insisting that her son, Leka Zogu, was the legitimate King of the Albanians. [Wikipedia].



15th July 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Manchester, England – Lilias Falconer, saviour to over 600 babies over a period exceeding 50 years.

Today the general administration of the Home is carried out by Simon Samutala who came to the Home as a babe just two days old. Now in his sixties he oversees the needs of an ever increasing family. Now in her thirties, Miriam Mulyata came at seven days old. After completing her education and two years nursing training she is now in charge of the family’s welfare and with a staff of 25 cares for over 100 children. The work that Miss Falconer began in 1947 is today being carried on by her children.”  [The Falconer Trust].



14th July 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Vilnius (in the Russian Empire, but occupied at the time by Germany) – Harold Pupkewitz, Lithuanian emigre and Namibian businessman.


Society and culture: at Penantigi Uchaf, Dinas Mawddwy in North Wales, today is a sheep-shearing day.



15th June 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Purwokerto on the Island of Java in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia ) – her mother a descendent of the Maharaja of Java,  of Hindu, Polish, German and French extraction, her father a Danish engineer – Nini Arlette Thielade, ballet dancer.



7th June 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in London –  Felicia Miriam Ursula Herold, better known as Patricia Roc, actress.


Migration: As part of the carnival celebrations, a group of Chinese migrants are photographed in “national costume” outside the Chinese Presbyterian Church in Newcastle, New South Wales.

Chinese in national costume, NCTA, Chinese Presbyterian Church, Devonshire Lane, Newcastle, NSW, 7 June 1915


On the (English) Home Front: The “Times” of London reports on the first all-female staff tube (underground railway) station. All female “for the time [being] at any rate”. [www.ianvisits.co.uk].