13th January 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Johnstown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania – Dominec Petrore, son of Italian immigrants: Peter Petroro, born 1884 in Abruzzo, and Antonia Saia Petroro, born in Italy in 1886. 


Earthquake: In central Italy, near the city of Aquila, a major earthquake sends tremors as far as Rome. Near the epicentre, especially at the town of Avezzano, around 30,000 people perish.


Extreme Weather: In Naples harbour, the cargo ship “Amalia Scotto” is driven against the quayside and sunk by a gale.


10th January 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Auray, Brittany – Pierre Cogan, French professional cyclist before and after the second world war.


World Affairs:

~ Police authorities in Munich, Germany inform their counterparts in Linz, Austria of the whereabouts of a young man, an artist, who is wanted for failing to register for military service: one Herr Adolf Hitler, born 1889.


~ In the long running Saverne (or Zabern) affair in Alsace Lorraine (then part of Germany, previously and later, part of France), two senior German military officers are acquitted of charges of unlawfully appropriating authority from the civilian police. The Prussian elite and the emperor Wilhelm are jubilant, but “Alsatians and Lorrainers felt themselves more helplessly at the mercy of the arbitrariness of the German military than ever” [Wikipedia].


Speed crazy (science and technology) In Emeryville, California, the “Speed Championship of the World” features a race between a Curtiss biplane and a Simplex racing car.


Natural disasters:

~ Earthquakes begin at the Sakura-jima volcano on the Island of Kyushu in southern Japan. They will increase in frequency and magnitude over the next two days, with the largest  a magnitude of 7.0. In two days time the volcanic eruptions will begin on the west flank of the volcano, closely followed by  an eruption on the eastern flank. Lava flows will continue for roughly a year.


~ In the Arctic, sea ice punctures the wooden hull of the “Karluk” which is carrying scientists, Inuit hunters,  and crewmen. “As the Karluk slowly sank, expedition members removed all remaining supplies and then abandoned ship. [Captain] Bartlett stayed onboard until the last possible moment, playing dozens of records on the ship’s Victrola [phonograph]. At about 3:30 p.m. on 11 January, he placed Chopin’s “Funeral March” on the turntable, stepped onto the ice, and watched the Karluk disappear below the water”. [www.heritage.nf.ca]

Sang froid par excellence…