13th June 1915 (Sunday)

The 19th century is slowly passing away

DIED TODAY

~ RIP Viscount Nabeshima Naoyoshi, 13th and final daimyo of the Kashima Domain, in Hizen Province in the north west corner of the island of Kyushu, in south west Japan.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabeshima_Naoyoshi

~ RIP Danish explorer Anders Christian Barclay Raunkiær, traveller to Riyadh and through eastern Arabia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barclay_Raunki%C3%A6r

~ RIP Amédée William Merlaud-Ponty, Governor General of French West Africa.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Merlaud-Ponty

5th February, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Robert Hofstader, Nobel prize winning nuclear physicist.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/hofstadter-facts.html

War!

In the Ottoman Empire: the Philadelphia “Saturday Evening Post” publishes a Turkish proclamation announcing and justifying the deportation of Armenians from the Empire.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Up6V6UFMCqAC&pg=PA641&lpg=PA641&dq=5th+february+1915&source=bl&ots=Um5mFRiG79&sig=TxakTyFs1oZCuc0hypEiGL8RUXU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6c7MVPWhNYTWarbFgMAL&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBTgo#v=onepage&q=5th%20february%201915&f=false

On the Home Front: in London, Lancelot Dickinson Chapman is exposed in the Daily Mirror newspaper under the headline “Bogus VC Hero” after he spent several months “invent[ing] a persona for himself as a battlefield hero” . Later in the month he is sentenced to 10 months hard labour for his deception. [Great War London, blog].

https://greatwarlondon.wordpress.com/2012/05/20/a-fake-hero/

New Year’s Day, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Medyn, in the Kaluga Oblast in the western Russian Empire – Izaak Fleischfarb, zionist, and later communist, activist. Later better known as Józef “The Butcher” Światło, known for supervising the torture of inmates on behalf of the Ministry of Public Security (sic) in Poland. Later, after defecting to the west, he worked for the CIA and Radio Free Europe. Apparently he died in 1994, although “documents relating to him are still classified in the United States and not available to researchers. [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zef_%C5%9Awiat%C5%82o

War!

War at Sea: In the French La Manche/ English Channel, German submarine U24 torpedoes and sinks the British battleship “Formidable” with the loss of 547 seamen. {Burg and Purcell].

Far from the front: In Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, two men later identified as muslims from British India (now Pakistan) shoot dead four people and wound seven more, before being killed by police and military officers (“The Battle of Broken HIll”). Flying the Ottoman flag, the two former camel-drivers at Broken Hill open fire on a train carrying picnickers celebrating the New Year holiday.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Broken_Hill

Peace:

Railway accident: In Ilford, East of London, two morning passenger trains collide. Ten passengers die, and “upwards of 500 passengers have notified the Company of personal injuries or of shock sustained.”

http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/docsummary.php?docID=313

Dissent: The Herald League Rooms in Buchanan Street, Glasgow, Scotland are the venue today for a meeting of the Glasgow Anarchist Group, an activist group supporting anti-war and anti-conscription policies.

http://sites.scran.ac.uk/redclyde/redclyde/rc001.htm

Oh, Brave, Unhappy, New Year…

3rd December 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in London, England – Tanya Moiseiwitsch, theatre designer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanya_Moiseiwitsch

War!

The Balkan Front: At the Battle of Kolubara, the Serbs launch their counter-attack against the Austro-Hungarian forces.

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_kolubra.html

In the Middle East: At the juncture of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Turkish Mesopotamia (now Southern Iraq), an Anglo-Indian force is advancing on the town of Al-Qurnah

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Qurna

The Western Front: at Hazebrouck in the arrondissement of Dunkirk, near the French border with Belgium, Britain’s King George V  and Belgium’s King Albert attend a “march past” of Belgian troops.

http://www.loyalregiment.com/photo-h-m-the-king-visits-the-troops-december-1914/

 

12th July 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: – probably in California – Matilda (“Tillie”) Shamlian (family name meaning “one who raises silk worms”), daughter of 26 year old Levon, a Turkish Armenian immigrant and shoemaker, and his wife Flora (21), also a Turkish immigrant.

http://faculty.washington.edu/twp/genealogies/7_Shamlian.pdf

World Affairs:  At Dunkirk, in France – President Raymond Poincare and Prime Minister René Viviani embark aboard the new battleship “France”, bound for Russia, on a scheduled state visit. [Almanac of World War 1]

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p-NwX2siCJMC&pg=PT15&lpg=PT15&dq=poincare+dunkirk+july+1914&source=bl&ots=6eKKi2_kjF&sig=UD7freFn0zGR9DrliPGyFtf1un8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wWykU56XA8ey0QW0_4CwCQ&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=poincare%20dunkirk%20july%201914&f=false

 

 

1st July 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Tikrit in the Ottoman Empire (now Iraq) – Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr, President of Iraq, 1968-79, and cousin of Saddam Hussein.

http://www.nndb.com/people/738/000134336/

Europe’s “July Crisis”…

Across Europe, diplomats and politicians are consulting and manoeuvering to evaluate the threats and opportunities created by the assassination of the Archduke on Sunday.

“The nations slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war” [David Lloyd George, currently the UK’s Chancellor of the Exchequer; later leader of the wartime coalition government”