1st September 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Sialkot, in British India (now in Pakistan) – Rajinder Singh Bedi, Urdu playwright and later a Hindi film director and screenwriter. “In his memory, the Government of Punjab has started a “Rajinder Singh Bedi Award” in the field of Urdu Literature”. [Wikipedia]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajinder_Singh_Bedi

22nd July 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Calcutta, in British India – Shaista Akhtar Banu Suhrawardy, better known as Begum Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah – Pakistani politician, diplomat and author, and the first muslim and Asian woman to receive a doctorate from the University of London [wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaista_Suhrawardy_Ikramullah

Public Transport: In the City of Exeter, in England, the citizens are “bickering” about the cost of tram fares:

“The discussion at the Exeter City Council meeting on tram fares will have enlightened many people, and at least one journalist in the city. I ventured to suggest, when the matter was under discussion some time ago, that the halfpenny fares, which are the cause so much bickering, should be withdrawn altogether. It was affirmed that this could not done. But it can be, because under Act of Parliament the lowest fare which the Council need accept is one penny. And I am still of the opinion that the wisest and fairest plan all round would be charge the penny. Under the present arrangement there are many who reap mean advantage, and large numbers who should benefit before others are prevented from doing because they have clean, instead of dirty, clothes. The distances which people are carried thoroughly merit a minimum charge one penny. Besides, the trams are a business, and not a charitable, concern, and should yield more profit than they do to the city.”

[Exeter and Plymouth Gazette].

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

2nd June 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY:

~  in Kempen in Posen, in Prussia (now Kępno in Poland) – Fritz Gromotka, German Luftwaffe Ace.

~ in Saratoga, Minnesota – Ramon Felipe San Juan Mario Silvio Enrico Smith Heathcourt-Brace Sierra y Alvarez-del Rey y de los Verdes, aka Lester del Rey, writer of science fiction and fantasy and founder of Del Rey books.

~ In Wandsworth, London – William Lionel Murton, English-Canadian character actor.

~ in Quetta in the British Raj (now in Pakistan) – Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench GCMG MC DL, British Army Officer and 24th Governor of Hong Kong.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Gromotka

http://www.nndb.com/people/208/000085950/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Murton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Trench

26th March, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Brooklyn, NY – Joseph Edward Filipelli, better known as “Flip Phillips” American jazz tenor saxophone and clarinet player.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flip_Phillips

War!

On the “North West Frontier” of the British Raj, the Indian army is defending Miranshah, on the Tochi River in North Waziristan (now part of Pakistan), from a large force of “insurgents” (Lashkars, from Southern Afghanistan).

http://www.kaiserscross.com/304501/455322.html

 

20th January 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Ismailkhel, Bannu, North-West Frontier Province, British India (now Pakistan) – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan from 1988 to 1993.

http://www.nndb.com/people/378/000122012/

~ In the village of Blakeney, on England’s north Norfolk coast – Tony Wright, cub-scout, paper boy, shop assistant, delivery boy, post office clerk, sub-postmaster, mussel-man, and sailing club bosun.

Click to access GH%202.9.pdf

 

7th January, 1915 (Thursday)

DIED TODAY:

~ In Groningen, Netherlands – Johan Fredrik Eykman, a Dutch chemist.

~ in Ontario – Thomas Keefer, a civil engineer.

~ in the Tochi Valley, Waziristan, on the North West Frontier – Eustace Jotham, VC, an English soldier.

~ In Union County, Illinois – Anna Rebecca Scheetz, an American daughter, sister, wife, mother, and grandmother.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Frederik_Eijkman

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Keefer

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eustace_Jotham

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ilgssi/gazette/obit_1915.htm

 

New Year’s Day, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Medyn, in the Kaluga Oblast in the western Russian Empire – Izaak Fleischfarb, zionist, and later communist, activist. Later better known as Józef “The Butcher” Światło, known for supervising the torture of inmates on behalf of the Ministry of Public Security (sic) in Poland. Later, after defecting to the west, he worked for the CIA and Radio Free Europe. Apparently he died in 1994, although “documents relating to him are still classified in the United States and not available to researchers. [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zef_%C5%9Awiat%C5%82o

War!

War at Sea: In the French La Manche/ English Channel, German submarine U24 torpedoes and sinks the British battleship “Formidable” with the loss of 547 seamen. {Burg and Purcell].

Far from the front: In Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, two men later identified as muslims from British India (now Pakistan) shoot dead four people and wound seven more, before being killed by police and military officers (“The Battle of Broken HIll”). Flying the Ottoman flag, the two former camel-drivers at Broken Hill open fire on a train carrying picnickers celebrating the New Year holiday.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Broken_Hill

Peace:

Railway accident: In Ilford, East of London, two morning passenger trains collide. Ten passengers die, and “upwards of 500 passengers have notified the Company of personal injuries or of shock sustained.”

http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/docsummary.php?docID=313

Dissent: The Herald League Rooms in Buchanan Street, Glasgow, Scotland are the venue today for a meeting of the Glasgow Anarchist Group, an activist group supporting anti-war and anti-conscription policies.

http://sites.scran.ac.uk/redclyde/redclyde/rc001.htm

Oh, Brave, Unhappy, New Year…

23rd November 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Los Angeles – Emmett Ashford “Baseball’s first black umpire”.

http://www.nndb.com/people/785/000207164/

~ in the Bharatpur District of Rajastan in Western India –  Krishan Chander, the urdu fiction writer who wrote “Lahore [then in British India now in Pakistan] is a place where I was born”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishan_Chander

~ in Palmerston North, New Zealand – Eric Orgias, RAF pilot who died in a night time crash while flying a Blenheim in June 1940, aged 25.

http://www.bbm.org.uk/Orgias.htm

War!

In the Middle East: An Anglo-Indian force, having yesterday found that the city of Basra in Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq) is now empty of Turkish forces, marches into the city “with colours flying and bands playing” [Roger Ford: “Eden to Armageddon – World War 1 in the Middle East”].

 

13th August 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: In Lahore in British India (now in Pakistan) – Munawar Hussain, Pakistani cricket umpire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munawar_Hussain

War!

In Belgium, three of the forts which have been holding out under sustained shelling from giant German guns surrender.

In St Petersburg, Alfred Kattner – an employee in the German embassy – is killed when an angry Russian mob ransacks  and torches the building.

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/14_08_13.htm

In Istria, Croatia, the steamship “Baron Gautsch”, strikes an underwater mine and sinks near the town of Rovinj, where it now protected by the Croatian authorities and considered to be “among the best known and most attractive diving locations in Europe and in the world“.

Click to access First%20Announcement.pdf

7th July 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Barisal, in East Bengal, British India (later East Pakistan, now Bangladesh) – Anil Biswas, film music composer with a prolific output in a career stretching from 1935 to 1965.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anil_Biswas_(composer)

World Affairs: The Austro-Hungarian Council of Joint Ministers debates (for 7 hours) the best course of action against Serbia. “The Joint War Minister is of opinion that a diplomatic success would be of no value.  Such a success would only be interpreted as a weakness.  From the military point of view he must emphasize the fact that it would be better to wage the war now, rather than later, as the balance of power would move disproportionately against us later on… All present, excepting the Hungarian Premier [who fears drawing Russian into a conflict], hold that a purely diplomatic success, even if ending in a startling humiliation for Serbia, would be without value, and that, therefore, the demands to be put to Serbia must be so far-reaching as to pre-suppose a refusal, so that the way would be prepared for a radical solution by means of military intervention”. 

http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/austriancouncilmeeting.htm

Society and culture:

~ On Guernsey, the British Island just off the French coast, the local government unveils a statue to Victor Hugo, who lived on the island for 15 years as a political exile from France after the coup of Napoleon III.  The statue is a gift from the French government.

http://www.museums.gov.gg/vh-statue

It has recently been given a good clean-up ahead of its centenary celebrations.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-guernsey-26716217

~ In Sunshine, Victoria (yes, really – now a suburb of Melbourne), the Sunshine Harvester Works Scottish Pipe Band welcomes Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar and sixth Governor General of Australia, and his wife, Lady Helen.

http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/items/778076/photograph-h-v-mckay-the-sunshine-harvester-works-pipe-band-sunshine-victoria-jul-1914