7th May, 1914 (Thursday)


~ in Bedford, England – Winifred Mary Hull  (later Fowler) , youngest of 12 children (ten surviving to adulthood) of Edwin, a gravel merchant, and Eliza, a barmaid. She (Winifred) was appointed Bedford’s first Lady Mayor in 1971, opening her period in office with the comment: ”I’m not a member of women’s lib but I do believe women are equal”. [bedford.gov.uk]

Click to access Win%20short%20history.pdf

~ inThe Municipality of Tiaong in the Province of  Quezon in the Philippines – Sixto Mercado Tiongco, Filipino-Chinese communist party member who joined the communist party and, under the name Ye Fei, became a military general and politician in the Peoples Republic of China.


Science and technology: “Commercial Motor” magazine reports on the “renewed interest which is just now being shown in the electric-battery vehicle” – specifically for light vans and parcel cars. 


Global Finance: The “Chicago Livestock World” newspaper, branding itself as “the World’s Greatest Farm Newspaper”, runs the front page headline: “Uniteresting trade on [ex]change today”, elaborating with “Condition better than a month ago”.


 Food and agriculture: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin agrees: “Sheep very heavy – hard work”



23rd March 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Carmen Planas, the “Darling of Manila”, the first woman to be elected to the Manila City Council.


Arms Race: in the British Parliament, the First Lord of the Admiralty (SIr Winston Churchill) is answering questions requiring him to confirm that merchant vessels being armed with guns are solely under the control of masters and officers who are British subjects. He duly confirms that: “the interests of the State are safeguarded by the fact that all captains and officers of the ships so armed are British subjects worthy of the confidence of the Admiralty.”


Women’s suffrage:  a small group of suffragettes pickets the offices of the Director of Public Prosecutions in London.


Children’s rights: the Times of London reports that  the use of child labour in the city of Nottingham is so familiar that for far too long it has scarcely excited local attention.


Defying definition: The author Franz Kafka records in his diary: “I never wish to be easily defined. I’d rather float over other people’s minds as something strictly fluid and non-perceivable; more like a transparent, paradoxically iridescent creature rather than an actual person.”  Behold: the kafkaesque age is upon us.


30th December 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: ~ In Manila, Philippines, the shrine for the annual remembrance of the martyrdom of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, who was judicially executed by the Spanish authorities for rebellion, sedition and forming an illegal association on this day in 1896.


Unveiling Jose Rizal Monument, Luneta (Rizal) Park, Manila, Philippines, December 30, 1913

World Affairs: The Sydney Morning Herald reports on the worst famine in Japan’s provinces of Aomoji and Hokkaido for over 40 years. “Runs on the local banks continue…many thousands of people are starving, and parents are selling their daughters, numbers of whom are arriving daily in Tokyo for the Yoshiwara [red light district] or for shipment abroad.” 


Society and culture: The Mona Lisa, recently recovered after being stolen from the Louvre by an Italian two years ago, is returned to France by the Italian authorities.


Boxing Day, 26th December 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Petropavlovsk in the Russian Empire (now Petropavl in Kazakhstan) – Vladimir Tretchikoff, the man who brought us the painting “Chinese Girl” (aka “the Green Lady”) one of the best selling art prints of the twentieth century. With his family he fled to China in 1917 before moving to Singapore, and eventually to South Africa, but only after his passenger ship was bombed by the Japanese and he was taken captive by the Japanese for the remainder of the war.


Antipodean romance: George Adkin, New Zealand farmer and diarist waxes lyrical on a wonderful day with his beloved Maud, concluding his diary entry with: “a most enjoyable, successful + never-to-be forgotten day.”  [Museum of New Zealand].


Globalisation:  The Western Mail, in Perth, Western Australia, reports on recent efforts by the Philippines authorities to introduce the plant Carludovica palmata, so that the locals can compete in the global market for Panama Hats.


11th December 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Silay, Negros Occidental, Philippines – Benjamin C Gaston, Filipino politician.


Extreme Cameraderie: In Denver.Colorado, as the local inhabitants dig themselves out of the recent blizzard, the Telluride Journal in San Miguel County runs the headline “Millionaires mingle with laborers to free Denver from clutches of storm”. Meanwhile the “Yampa Leader” in Yampa, Routt County, can only manage “Shovelers clear snow in Denver”



27th November 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Walter Benjamin Garland, Brooklyn college mathematics student, communist party and National Negro Congress activist, volunteer fighter with the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. US Army volunteer in World War 2 whose request to serve overseas was denied. Post war activist against discrimination and police brutality, co-founder of the United Negro Allied Veterans Association.


Crime and punishment: At Pentonville Prison, in London, England – Frederick Robertson is hanged by the neck for the double murder of his relatives – Nellie and Beatrice Robertson.


Transport and gallantry: In the village of Liss in Hampshire, England, Percy Norwood sustains serious head injuries while rescuing blacksmith Harry Rasell from the path of an oncoming train. Harry’s pony had bolted, crashing into the crossing gates and throwing him onto the rails ahead of the train.


Thanksgiving: In the US State of New Mexico, Governor William C McDonald proclaims this Thursday, the fourth Thursday in  November, as a day of thanksgiving:  “I urge upon all that this day be observed as one of prayer and praise to God for the many blessings enjoyed by our people. At the same time may we not forget the poor and needy, making the day what its name implies for all”.


Journalism, society and culture: The National Geographic magazine publishes an article with ethnographic plates entitled “The Non-Christian Peoples of the Philippine Islands”.


1st October 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: fourteen new years gifts:

1. In Manila, Philippines – Charles Frederick Grieve, Oxford Blue sportsman.


2. In New York City  – Charles Randolph Grean, composer and music industry executive.


3. Location not known  – Dwivedi Surendra Narayan, Indian Supreme Court judge.


4. In Wiesbaden, Germany – Erich Eberhardt, Obersturmbannführer.


5. In Grayson county, Virginia – Estil C. Ball, singer-songwriter, finger style guitarist, and country gospel and folk musician


6. Location unknown – Lt Gen Harbakhsh Singh, Indian General


7. In Paducah, Kentucky – Harry Lookofsky, bebop Jazz violinist.


8. In Belem do Paro, Brazil – Hélio Gracie, co-creator of the martial art of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.


9. In Magdeburg, Germany – Joachim Matz, U-boat commander


10. In Brooklyn, New York – Leo Rangell, “Stalwart of Freudian Talk Therapy”.


11. In Copenhagen, Denmark – Otto Øgrim, Norwegian physicist and author


12. In Liverpool, England – Richard Henry Parkin Starkey, confectioner and father of Richard Starkey (aka Ringo Starr).


13. In Kiel, Germany – Rolf Pingel, Luftwaffe ace.


14. Somewhere in what is now Poland – Yisrael Barzilai, Israeli government minister.


27th August 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in the Marshall Islands, in the Northern Pacific – Viella Galvez,  Filipina ballet dancer.


World Affairs: US president Wilson addresses congress regarding the (ongoing) revolution in Mexico, noting that  (in the fourth year of revolution) “war and disorder, devastation and confusion, seem to threaten to become the settled fortune of the distracted country”, urging all American citizens to leave the country “at once”, and stressing his duty to “see to it that neither side to the struggle now going on in Mexico receive any assistance from this side the border. I shall follow the best practice of nations in the matter of neutrality by forbidding the exportation of arms or munitions of war of any kind from the United States to any part of the Republic of Mexico”.


Society and Culture: In Norfolk, Virginia, USA – the Wells Theatre opens for burlesque and vaudeville shows.


Early flight: Russian Lt Pyotr Nestrov becomes the first person to “loop the loop” in an aeroplane.


Accidents: In  Romford, Essex, England – Police Constable  Joseph Watt, aged 32, suffers serious injury while trying to stop a runaway horse in the High Street. He subsequently dies of his injuries on 8th September 1913.