15th June 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Bedford, England – Sir (Ernest Urban) Trevor Huddleston, Anglican Archbishop of Mauritius and the Indian Ocean (1978-1983) and anti-apartheid campaigner. “No white person has done more for South Africa than Trevor Huddleston” [Nelson Mandela].

World Affairs: US and Philippine forces at the Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines finally defeat the Moro insurgents they have been at war with for over a decade.

Science, technology and transport: Austria Hungary’s Royal Imperial Postal Service introduces 29 electic powered Daimler-Tudor vehicles as part of its modern delivery fleet.

Shipping news: Originally out of Amlwch in North Wales, the three-masted schooner Greyhound, transporting guano in the Mauritius islands, strikes a reef at Raphael Island while carrying 206 tons of guano from Albatross Island. All eighteen people on board manage to reach safety, for once disproving the old mariners’ superstition that associating with an albatross can land you deep in it.

11th June 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Brooklyn, New York – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach. “Winning isn’t everything. It’s the only thing”.

Also, at Fontanelle in Romania, Walter Adolph, Luftwaffe Ace who served with the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War (from autumn 1937 until spring 1938), successfully destroying a Republican (Soviet sourced) Polikarpov I-15 fighter biplane. Later a successful fighter pilot in East Prussia (1939) and then over Belgium and the English Channel/ La Manche during 1939/41. Shot down in late September 1941 (aged 28) and his body recovered on a Belgian beach in early October 1941.

World Affairs: In Constantinople, the Grand Vizier (First Minister) Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated in a drive-by shooting while travelling through the city.

In the Philippines the US Army, supported by local police and military forces, begin the 5 day Battle of Bud Bagsak to root our Moro warrior insurgents. The insurrection has been ongoing for the last 14 years.

Society and Culture: At Denison University, Ohio, Kent Pfeiffer is expelled from school and ordered out of town for his part in harrassing Stuart Collett, a 25 year old British immigrant who survived the Titanic catastrophe last year. Kent and five  masked unidentified colleagues branded Stuart on the forehead using nitrate of silver, disfiguring him for life, because he would not mix with other students.

 

30th April 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY, in Viljandi, Estonia (later illegally annexed by the Soviet Union, then occupied by the Germans, reconquered by the Soviets and returned to independence in 1994) – Ilmar Raud, Estonian Chess Master who briefly made his home in Argentina after 1939 but died in 1941, at the age of 28.

Arms Race: In the UK, questions are asked (but not answered) “in the House” about possible plans to buy-out battleships currently under construction in British shipyards  for the Turkish government.

The USS Ajax, an American collier ship, arrives in Cavite in the Philippines where the US is in the final stages of suppressing a 10 year Islamic insurgency. USS Ajax is carrying the USS B-2 submarine, known informally as the “Cuttlefish”.

Women’s Suffrage: In a lavatory at Oxted Railway Station in rural England,  police investigating an explosion find a basket containing petrol, a clock, a battery, two firelighters, a half pint tin which had contained burning cycle oil and a cardboard box which had probably been filled with gunpowder. In response, all railway stations and tunnels will now be patrolled in an effort to prevent future attacks.

Also today, in a separate incident, police raid the offices of the Women’s Social and Political Union in London, and arrest the financial secretary of the union, the office manager, the business manager and two sub-editors of the “Suffragette”. All five women are charged with conspiring to damage property.

Society and culture: An attempt to prohibit motor cars from entering Yosemite national park in the US is abandoned.

In St Louis, Missouri, USA, the Jefferson Memorial Building is dedicated to the memory of the great man. It has been built on the site of the main entrance to the 1904 “Louisiana World Fair”  (The Louisiana Purchase Exhibition) the proceeds of which financed the new building. The fair celebrated the centenary of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. the Memorial Building is now the home of the Missouri History Museum.

24th February 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY, in Negros Occidental, Philippines – “Small Montana” (aka Benjamin Gan) Filipino fly weight boxer.

World Affairs: In northern Mexico Venustiano Carranza, governor of Coahuila, stages a revolt against the usurper General Huerta. Guerilla chiefs join the insurrection.

Society and Culture:

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst is arrested in London for the bombing of Lloyd George’s house, taken to Leatherhead Police Station, questioned and charged.

The mother of Milvina Dean (who is aged just three years but will eventually become the oldest surviving survivor of the Titanic) is granted a small weekly allowance by the Titanic Relief fund, roughly 10 months after the tragedy, when her husband – Milvina’s father – lost his life. Milvina died in 2009 aged 97.

Extreme Weather: Wegonning Station, in Queensland Australia, records 130 millimetres (over 5 inches) of rain in 40 minutes.

4th February 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY, in  Tuskegee, Alabama – Rosa Parks (nee McCauley), “the first lady of civil rights” and catalyst for the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955-56. Died in Michigan in 2005, aged 92.

World Affairs: The President of El Salvador is fatally wounded by assassins – three machete wielding farmers whose motives are never really invesitgated before they are all executed.

According to press reports today, a Russian aeroplane equipped with a searchlight has been seen over Lemberg (in Austro-Hungary, but soon to be taken by Russia) and at Tarnopol in Galicia (soon to be regularly swapped between the German, Austrian and Russian empires).

Transport: Louis Perlman patents a new type of wheel rim for automobile tyres.

Sport: The Philippines national football team enjoys some early success at the Far Eastern Chamionship Games, held today in the Carnival Grounds (now the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex) in Malate, Manila, beating China 2-1.

1st February 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY, in Manila, Philippines – the AZKALS (street dogs): The Philippines football team played their first international football fixture, losing 1-0 at home to the Republic of China.

First Balkan War: Turkey accepts the terms of the peace proposed by the “Great Powers”.

Ireland: In (London)Derry the Nationalist candidate (ie a member of the Irish Parliamentary party) narrowly defeats the Unionist candidate, which means that the Nationalists now hold a majority of seats in the nine counties of Ulster (later Northern Ireland).

Society and culture: In Sydney, NSW, Mother Cecilia and Sisters Virgilius, Zita, Francis de Sales and Clotilde set out on the steamer Orara, bound for the village of Coffs Harbour, half way to Brisbane. Two days from now the Catholic St Augustines  Primary School will open its doors for the first time.

Shipwrecks: The British cargo steamer, S.S. Haddon Hall runs aground and is wrecked north of Saldanha Bay, South Africa.

Suffragettes: In protest at (UK) Prime Minister Asquith’s “Manhood Suffrage Bill”, Leonora Cohen of the Leeds Women’s Social and Political Union produces an iron bar from under her coat while visiting the Tower of London and smashes a display case containing insignia of the Order of Merit. In the ensuing court case she is acquitted when it is established that the damage did not exceed the value of £5.

26th January 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY, in Rome, Italy – Mario Riva – The popular Italian film actor and TV personality who died in Verona in 1960 after falling from a stage.

Also Adolf Vodicka, from Czechoslovakia, one of the few surviving combatants of the Spanish Civil War, where he fought as part of the International Brigade.

First Balkan War: Ottoman and Bulgarian forces meet at the Battle of Bulair as the Turks make an attempt to relieve Adrionople (Edirne). In the resulting Bulgarian victory around 50% of the Turkish forces are killed.

Society and Culture: John Paul Jones, a US Naval Hero (or rebel “privateer” and terrorist, depending on your point of view) who died in 1792 in Paris, alone and forgotten, and who has spent much of the intervening period buried beneath a laundry in a Paris suburb, finds his final resting place – a marble sarcophagus (modelled on the tomb of Napoleon) in the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, USA.

Colonial unrest: the USS Rainbow shifts her location from Olongapo to Cavite and remains in the Phillippines until 28 March 1913. The US is in the final stages of a 14 year war against insurgents in the Phillippines, which hostilities will end in June this year at the Battle of Bud Bagsak.