6th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Little Willie – the world’s first tank.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-tank-produced

Society and culture: Scotland appoints Ms Emily Miller as its first ever policewoman.

http://www.chrislongmuir.co.uk/index.php/my-blog/35-first-policewoman-in-scotland-100-years-ago

War!

The Balkans: Bulgaria signs a military agreement with Germany agreeing to enter on the side of the Central Powers. In return for sending forces against Serbia and Montenegro (thereby re-opening the unresolved business of the recent Second Balkan War), Bulgaria is promised large parts of Macedonia, a sea port on the Adriatic and territorial concessions in European Turkey. [Burg & Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria%E2%80%93Germany_treaty_(1915)

22nd August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Brantford, Ontario – James Hiller, co-developer of the electron microscope.

http://www.nndb.com/people/125/000206504/

War!

The (Russian) Home Front: The Tsar takes over supreme command of the army, and leaves St Petersburg in the dangerous hands of the Tsarina and her trusted advisor, Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, a peasant and mystical faith healer.

http://www.johndclare.net/Russ_Rasputin_Figes.htm

The (French) Home Front: in the streets of Paris, young boys and girls play at being soldiers and nurses.

http://www.vintag.es/2015/04/kids-at-war-paris-1915-rare-photographs.html

The (Scottish) Home Front: in Aberdeen, 26,000 pay sixpence each to attend the “Gala and Heather day” in Duthie Park, in support of the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary.

http://www.friendsofduthiepark.co.uk/heather-day-at-duthie-park-a-century-on/

The (Irish) Home Front: In Dublin, at a “Celebration of gaelic and athletic events”, Patrick Pearse addresses the crowd of several thousand on his subject: “The Resurrection of Erin”.

http://www.millstreet.ie/blog/2015/08/19/patrick-pearse-and-his-visit-to-millstreet-on-22nd-aug-1915

28th June 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Ted Besford, Australian rules footballer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Besford

War!

One cataclysmic year has passed since the assassination in Sarajevo…

 

Gallipoli: “219 men and officers of the 4th Royal Scots were killed [today] in the attack on Gully Ravine, [including] … Captain John Robertson, commanding officer of the Bankers’ Company and manager of National Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Blenheim Place branch. His Second Lieutenant, Charles Paterson  of the Royal Bank’s head office, was also dead. Among the fallen men were Private Ernest Bailey  of Commercial Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Newington branch; Private Smollett Clerk of National Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Leith Walk branch; Private Robert Brockie  of the Royal Bank’s Edinburgh Leven Street branch; and Private Charles Johnston  of the Royal Bank’s Perth branch.” [“The Bankers’ Company at Gallipoli“, from the RBS Remembers website].

http://www.rbsremembers.com/our-people/on-active-service/bankers-company-gallipoli.html

21st June 1915 (Monday)

Midsummer on the home front…

On the English home front: at Maidstone barracks, in Kent, a concert raises funds for wounded servicemen.

http://www.kent.gov.uk/about-the-council/campaigns-and-events/kent-and-medway-in-the-first-world-war

On the Scottish home front: the SS Carisbrook, a British merchant steamer carrying wheat from Montreal, Canada, to Leith in Scotland, is captured and sunk by German submarine U-38 off the north east coast of Scotland.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?13412

On the Alsatian home front: the town of Metzeral in Alsace (formerly and more recently in France) is destroyed at the end of six days of intense fighting.

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=228886

1st June 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Glasgow, Scotland – Alastair Stevenson (“Jock) Pearson: baker; parachutist; Lieutenant Colonel, DSO with three bars;  a baker again; then a farmer; Brigadier;  “Aide de Camp”  to the Queen; and finally the (14th) Lord Lieutenant of Dunbartonshire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alastair_Pearson

~ In Enville, Oklahoma – Cyrus Whitfield (“Johnny”) Bond, country musician.

http://www.nndb.com/people/986/000118632/

` In New York City – Emanuel Hirsch Cohen, better known as John Randolph, actor.

http://spartacus-educational.com/USArandolphJ.htm

War!

In Mesopotamia (Iraq), “Townsend’s Regatta”, a mixed flotilla of Allied craft, is chasing the Turkish gunboats Marmaris and Mosul north on the River Tigris. {Burg & Purcell]
.

22nd May 1915 (Saturday)

Railway Accident: At Quintinshill, near Gretna Green, on the Scottish-English border, a railway crash involving five trains turns to an inferno when the gas lamps in one of the trains, carrying troops bound for Gallipoli, ignite.  With the destruction of the Regimental records the exact number of deaths is never fixed with certainty, but certainly exceeds two hundred. [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quintinshill_rail_disaster#cite_ref-nb1_1-0

18th May 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: Among the Onondaga Indians of the Iroquois confederacy – Leon Shenandoah, elected Tadodaho (spiritual leader) in 1968, and – in his spare time – a custodian at Syracuse University.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadodaho

War!

The (French) Home Front: An American writes from her retirement home in the Marne Valley of the hardening of French attitudes after the introduction of chemical weapons and the sinking of the Lusitania: “I have seen grow up among these simple people [her French neighbours] the conviction that the race which planned and launched this great war has lost the very right to live; and that none of the dreams of the world can ever be realized while Prussia exists, even if the war lasts twenty years, and even if, before it is over, the whole world has to take a hand in it”

[Mildred Aldrich: “A Hilltop on the Marne”]

Gallipoli: Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, aged 54 and originally from Renfrewshire in Scotland, but more recently the first Australian to reach the rank of Major General, dies of his wounds inflicted by a Turkish sniper three days ago. A veteran of the Boer War, Bridges becomes “one of only two Australians killed in action in the Great War to be interred in Australia” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Bridges_%28general%29

The (Australian) Home Front – In Melbourne, Australia – Sister Edith Wilson Yeaman of the Australian Auxiliary Nursing Service embarks on the SS Mooltan, heading for service at the No 3 Australian General Hospital. She will serve for 4 years in Egypt, France and England before returning home to Australia in May 1919.

http://nurses.ww1anzac.com/y.html

12th May 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Canada – Doris Edna Gray, BSc, MSc, PhD and research fellow at the University of Western Ontario, and later Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Hong Kong. Later still, a retiree in Dunblane, Scotland, where she bequeathed “a sum of money to the Women’s Engineering Society to encourage women in Scotland to become professional engineers. Part of this sum of money was allocated to provide £1,000 per year for women studying in Scotland” (the Doris Gray Scottish Scholarships).

http://www.wes.org.uk/content/professor-doris-gray

http://www.wes.org.uk/content/doris-gray-scottish-scholarships