BORN TODAY: in Tipperary, Ireland – George Moulson, professional footballer.
Serbia declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
In Belgium, the German Zeppelin airship L-Z drops thirteen bombs on the City of Liege, killing 9 people.
The Battle of the Frontiers opens when German troops cross from Luxembourg into France and take the town of Longwy.
In Britain, 80,000 troops, 30,000 horses and over 315 field guns are assembling on the south coast for the British Expeditionary Force crossing of the Channel / La Manche.
In West Africa: In Togoland and Cameroon, French forces seize German territory and outposts.
(sources: Almanac of World War 1; The Guns of August)
Shipping News: The SS Rohilla, (“named after Afghan tribes who had sought refuge in India during the 18th Century. They were annihilated by the Nawab of Oudh, with the unauthorised help of British troops”), is requisitioned as a hospital ship and renamed the HMHS Rohiila.
Thirty-one year old diarist Franz Kafka is having a bad day:“I am an empty vessel… Full of lies, hate and envy. Full of incompetence, stupidity, thickheadedness. Full of laziness, weakness and helplessness.”