5th July 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In West Hampstead, London, UK – The London Wireless Club, which later  became the Radio Society of Great Britain. HAPPY CENTENARY RSGB!

Shipping News: The White Star Line acquires the Ocean Liner “SS Ceramic“, launched in 1912 by Harland & Wolff in Belfast. Apart from a short service as a troop carrier during World War 1 she will serve on the Liverpool to Australia route for over 29 years, until she is sunk by German U-boat U515 on 6 December 1942, with only 1 survivor from the 656 souls on board.

Labour Relations: In Johannesburg, South Africa, rioting mine workers are confronted by the South African  (ie British) Army who kill over twenty strikers and injure many more.

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22nd June 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Whitwood, Yorkshire – James Langley, teacher in South Emsall before joining the Royal Navy (Ordinary Coder – Service Number: P/JX 229372). Died on board HMS Hood on 24th May 1941 (along with 1414 other crew members from the crew of 1418) when she is destroyed by the German battleship Bismarck during the Battle of the Denmark Strait.

World Affairs (Second Balkan War): In Serbia, the Prime Minister and his cabinet resign because of the lack of progress in negotiations with Bulgaria.

History of Transport: In Mockau, Leipzig, Germany, King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony inaugurates Mockau Airport. In recent years it had become famous for its regular launches of Zeppelins, and will soon be commandeered by the military.

Shipping Accidents: The Swedish Iron Barque “Belle Isle” leaves Liverpool, bound for the town of Fray Bentos in Uruguay. She will never be heard of again. 

19th June 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: at Stanway, Gloucestershire, UK  – Ann Charteris, grand daughter of the 9th Earl of Wemyss. Wife sequentially to Shane Edward Robert  (“Third Baron”) O’Neill; Viscount Rothermere (owner of the Daily Mail) and Ian Fleming, stockbroker turned James Bond novelist, with whom she lived at his Jamaican retreat “Goldeneye”. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WNfleming.htm

World Affairs: In the aftermath of the Turco-Italian War (which closed with the Treaty of Lausanne in 1912) Italian forces overcome a large Sanussi (arab) force in Ettangi, Tripolitania (Libya).

Society and culture: The South African Parliament prohibits the ownership by black citizens of land designated for whites.

Labour Relations: In Birmingham, UK –  “The Rest House” to commemorate the Silver Wedding Anniversary of George and Elizabeth Cadbury is donated by employees of the company. The design is taken from the medieval butter market in Dunster, Somerset.

Inside, an inscription reads: ‘This Rest House was erected to commemorate the Silver Wedding of Mr & Mrs George Cadbury by the employees of Cadbury Brothers Ltd at Bournville and in all parts of the world. A lasting memorial of esteem and affection as an expression of gratitude for the unceasing interest in their welfare and in admiration of manifold services to the world at large.’  Today, the building houses the Carillon Visitor Centre and a gift shop and is used as the logo for Bournville Village Trust”.  http://www.culture24.org.uk/places%20to%20go/west%20midlands/birmingham/tra22960

A whiff of financial scandal: After an investigation into corruption involving the government ministers and the private communications company, Marconi, the British Parliament votes by a majority of 346-268 to acquit the Chancellor of the Exchequer (ie Minister of Finance) and the Attorney General on charges of malfeasance.

Transport accidents: Thirteen people die in a rail collision in California.

Off Sable Island, 300kilometres south east of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Captain John Andrew Doggett from Portland, Maine and five members of his crew, including one of his two sons on board, perish when their fishing boat is rammed in thick fog by a steam passenger liner en route from Liverpool. Eight crew members are rescued, including the Captain’s second son.

15th June 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Bedford, England – Sir (Ernest Urban) Trevor Huddleston, Anglican Archbishop of Mauritius and the Indian Ocean (1978-1983) and anti-apartheid campaigner. “No white person has done more for South Africa than Trevor Huddleston” [Nelson Mandela].

World Affairs: US and Philippine forces at the Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines finally defeat the Moro insurgents they have been at war with for over a decade.

Science, technology and transport: Austria Hungary’s Royal Imperial Postal Service introduces 29 electic powered Daimler-Tudor vehicles as part of its modern delivery fleet.

Shipping news: Originally out of Amlwch in North Wales, the three-masted schooner Greyhound, transporting guano in the Mauritius islands, strikes a reef at Raphael Island while carrying 206 tons of guano from Albatross Island. All eighteen people on board manage to reach safety, for once disproving the old mariners’ superstition that associating with an albatross can land you deep in it.

14th June 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In Whitechapel, East London, to Polish and Romanian parents, Solomon Schwartz, better known  as Stanley Black, OBE, English pianist, bandleader, composer and conductor. Died in London in 2002, aged 89.

Women’s suffrage: At St George’s Church in Bloomsbury, London, a memorial service for Emily Wilding Davison, who died after throwing herself in front of the King’s Horse at the Epsom Derby, attracts large crowds to pay their respects. Six thousand women dressed in white parade in honour of their fallen comrade.

Arms Race: The German Imperial Navy launches the battlecruiser “Defflinger”.

Society and Culture: South Africa passes an Immigration Act restricting the movement of Asians and preventing immigration  from (for example) India.

King’s College, Queensland, founded in 1912 and admitting students since March 1913, is officially opened at Kangaroo Point in Brisbane, on the same day that electric lighting comes to the town of Hamley Bridge, in South Australia.

Exploration: The “Terra Nova” in which Captain Scott made his ill fated South Pole journey, returns to Cardiff where she is greeted by large crowds.

Accidents: Beneath Fifty sixth Street in New York City, eleven workers die when a subway collapses during construction.

9th June 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Oxford, England – Patrick Steptoe, fertility pioneer.

Arms Race: At Greenock, on the Clyde in Scotland, the Cunard Line launches RMS Alaunia, an ocean liner which, like her sisters Andania and Aurania, has no first class berths – just second and third class. At the outbreak of war she will be requisitioned as a troopship, and her fate is to be sunk by a mine off the English south coast (near Hastings) in September 1916, where she still lies to this day.

The dismal science: John Maynard Keynes publishes “Indian Currency and Finance”.

Labour relations: Striking female fishing net workers at Kilbirnie in Scotland hold a picnic.

24th May 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Langnau im Emmenthal in Switzerland – Hans Schwarzenbach, Swiss equestrian who won silver in the eventing event (?) at the Rome Olympics in 1960.

Arms Race: In Kiel, Germany the Germaniawerft shipyard launches the submarine “U24”. She will sink 34 ships before surrendering in November 1918.

Accidents and disasters: in Long Beach, California, the municipal pier collapses while 10,000 weekenders are crowded on to the pier. Thirty six people die.

In Smyrna (now Izmir) on the Turkish coast, the steamship Nevada strays into a mined part of the harbour, strikes three mines, and sinks with the loss of forty lives.

Empire: The British Empire celebrates “Empire Day”.

Each Empire Day, millions of school children from all walks of life across the length and breadth of the British Empire would typically salute the union flag and sing patriotic songs like Jerusalem and God Save the Queen. They would hear inspirational speeches and listen to tales of ‘daring do’ from across the Empire, stories that included such heroes as Clive of India, Wolfe of Québec and ‘Chinese Gordon’ of Khartoum. But of course the real highlight of the day for the children was that they were let of (sic) school early in order to take part in the thousands of marches, maypole dances, concerts and parties that celebrated the event. [“Historic UK” website – http://www.historic-uk.com/]

In Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) – The British South Africa Police Regimental Association is formed. The UK Branch is planning centenary celebrations in various locations across the UK this month.