14th June 1914 (Sunday)


~ in Korostienie in the Zhitomir region, Ukraine, Imperial Russia – Piotr Kozachenko, graduate of the Odessa Military Air College (1936) who fought with the Chinese forces against the Japanese in 1937 and for the Soviet Union against Finland in the Winter War in 1939-1940. On the first day of the Great Patriotic War against Germany (in 1941) he claimed his first successes against German aircraft, and in 1942 was fighting on the North Caucasus front. After receiving the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin in May 1943 he began operating over the Crimea area on the 2nd Ukrainian Front. He died during a mission over Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk in Poland) in March 1945, aged 30.


~ in Nagutskaya, in the Caucasus region of  Imperial Russia, Yuri Andropov: orphan; loader; telegraph clerk; sailor on the Volga; young communist; local and then national activist; Soviet Ambassador to Budapest during the Hungarian uprising; Chairman of the KGB; Politburo member; interrogator; invader of Afghanistan; and General Secretaty of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. {Wikipedia].


World Affairs: Russian Tsar Nicholas II, who has been taking a holiday in Russian Crimea, visits the Romanian King, by sea, in Constanta, Romania, along with the Russian foreign Minister, Sazonov. On the agenda is the tenuous balance of power in the Balkan’s in recent years, where  Ottomans, Habsurgs, Russians and Italians have been vying for position.


Extreme Weather: In South West London, England a freak thunderstorm causes death and flooding. Among the dead are three young children sheltering under a lightning struck tree in an area known as “The Frying Pan” on Wandsworth Common.


Arts and Literature: Publisher A.C MClurg of Chicago publishes the first book edition of Edgar Rice Burrough’s “Tarzan of the Apes”


15th March 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Los Angeles, California, to parents originally from Guangdong province in China, – Major “Buffalo” Wong Sun-Shui, member of the Guangdong Air Force Academy from the early 1930s, who died on the day after his twenty seventh birthday from combat injuries sustained while fighting the Japanese air force.


Women’s suffrage: British suffragettes hold a national day of protest when prayers read aloud are used to disrupt church services across the country. “O Lord, we beseech Thee, save Thy servants Emmeline Pankhurst and Mary Richardson, and all who are enduring torture for conscience sake.”

Later, at night, they torch a collection of railway carriages in King’s Norton.

hold http://www.lucienneboyce.com/assets/files/CliftonSuffrageWalk.pdf


Sunday leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin is reading short stories by H.G.Wells.


10th April 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY, in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan – Yoshio Fukui, ace fighter pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy who fought in both the second Sino-Japanese War and in the Pacific theatre in WW2.

Empire, Human Rights and Labour Relations: In Fiji, an incident (“Kunti’s cry”) between an indentured female Indian labourer and the plantation overseer sparks an intense campaign to stop the importation of indentured labourers and the degredation of Indian women on colonial plantations. Kunti becomes a national hero after her case is published in the Indian language Fijian press.

Shipping news: The S.S Katoomba is launched today by Harland & Wolff in Belfast, Northern Ireland. She has been built for passenger service around Australia, will be requisitioned as a troopship in May 1918 and again in February 1942, sold to a Greek shipping company and renamed “Columbia” in 1949, laid up in Piraeus in 1958 and scrapped in Nagasaki in 1959.

The “Butty” (narrow boat) “Kildare” is gauged at Smethwick, UK, for use on England’s industrial canals at a cost of 190  english pounds. She will carry timber, road-stones, coal, zinc, and occasionally foodstuffs (soy, dates), powered by horses on the tow path, and will serve both commercial and (later) recreational purposes until 1991 when she will be acquired by the Black Country Living Museum in the English Midlands at the heart of the industrial canal network.