6th September 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Accra on the Gold Coast (now Ghana) – Jacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph, Ghanaian Commissioner of Income Tax; political exile; Speaker of Parliament of Ghana; and father-in-law of Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, the contemporary Ghanaian politician and contender for the 2016 Presidential election.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Hackenburg_Griffiths-Randolph

War!

Western Front: German, French and British troops clash on the first day of the Battle of the Marne. In the stuff of legends, and at a crucial stage on this first day, the Parisian authorities send an additional 6000 troops who are de-training in Paris back to the front in Parisian taxis.

[Tuchman – the Guns of August]

West Africa: At the Battle of Nsanakong in Kamerun, German forces successfully expel a British invasion force, pushing it back into Nigeria one week after the original incursion.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nsanakong

Eastern Front: Writing from the small spa resort of Trenčianske Teplice (now in in Western Slovakia) Žiga, a Hungarian or Slovenian soldier writes to his wife:

“I wrote you a letter in the morning, but I don’t know if you’ll get it. I received your postcard, but not a closed letter. After 24 hours of travelling we arrived to Trenčianske Teplice at noon. We’ll have lunch here and then move on. Don’t write until I send you an address. I won’t receive your letters. Staying yours faithful husband,

Žiga.

They just brought 2000 Russians; I have seen a Russian soldier”

http://www.pokarh-mb.si/en/s/82/hrepenenje-izza-okopov-6-pismo.html

18th May 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Nové Mesto nad Váhom (“the new town on the River Vah”) in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (later in Czechoslovakia, now in Slovakia) – Stefan Schwarz, survivor of Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald, Professor of Mathematics, and Head of the Mathematical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences from 1966 until 1987.

http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Schwarz_Stefan.html

~ In Plovdiv, Bulgaria – Boris Christoff, “probably the best known of all Bulgarian opera singers”.

http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/opera/OFB/stars/chr01.htm

~ in Kishinev in Imperial Russia (now Chișinău, capital of the Republic of  Moldova) – Alla Nikolayevna Bayanova, “Russian romance singer singer sometimes compared with Edith Piaf for her simple yet dramatic style of performance”. [Wikipedia].

 

Women’s Suffrage: In well-to-do Hampstead, in London – the personal property of Mrs Louisa Thomson Price is auctioned to settle her debts for unpaid taxation. Mrs Price is a member of the Women’s Tax Resistance League, whose motto is ” No taxation without representation”.

http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/07/08/suffrage-stories-womens-tax-resistance-league-sale-hampstead-may-1914/

28th June 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Byton, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, in the Province of Wloclawek (Poland) – Leon Nowakowski, Priest of the diocese of Wloclawek. Killed by the nazis in October 1939 (aged 26).

Also: in Nowy Sącz (then in Austria-Hungarian Galicia, soon to be annexed by Russia, then occupied by Germany [WW1], briefly claimed by Ukraine, then part of Poland, before being re-occupied by Germany [WW2] and finally (?) settling in Poland, just north of the Slovakian border) – Efraim Racker, “Austrian” biochemist who grew up in Vienna, but fled to Britain before settling in the USA. “the regional Jewish community [of Nowy Sącz] numbered about 25,000 before World War 2… ninety percent of them died or did not return” [Wikipedia].

World Affairs: the Bulgarian king Ferdinand I orders his army to march into the disputed areas of Macedonia which were  taken from the Ottoman Empire by Greece and Serbia during the First Balkan War. This action destroys the Balkan League, and also forces Russia to rethink its strategic positions in the southern Balkans between the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. the Second Balkan War will be short but bloody, and leave all parties dis-satisfied and with their objectives in the Balkans and the Aegean unresolved. In exactly one year from today the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand will be assassinated in Sarajevo…

King George of V of Great Britain and Ireland is visited by a delegation of four Tibetan boys bearing letters and gifts from the 13th Dalai Lama.

Accidents: In London’s Hyde Park, Captain Matthew Meiklejohn, who lost his right arm but gained the Victoria Cross at the Battle of Elandslaagte in the Boer War, in 1899, is out riding when his horse bolts. Unable to control the horse with just one  arm he narrowly prevents the horse from trampling a group of children by forcing it up against the railings of Rotten Row. Impaled on the railings, he dies of his injuries on 4th July.

Society and Culture: At London’s “Olympia” Exhibition Centre, Londoners are enjoying the 7th International Horse Show.

10th January 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY – Gustav Husak in Pozsonyhidegkút, Austria-Hungary (now Dúbravka, Slovakia). Czechoslovakian  communist leader from 1971 to 1987, who oversaw the “normalisation” after the Prague Spring (1968).

First Balkan War:

Romania demands that Bulgaria relinquishes all of its territory between Silistria and the Black Sea.

Anti-colonial stirrings: Moroccan rebels attack a  Mauritanian detachment of the French camel cavalry.