23rd January 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY – Harold and Hugh Butler (twins), in London. They emigrated to Australia with their family in 1929/30, becoming Anglican priests in 1939 and 1940 respectively, and were both still active in Tasmanian church life 60 years later, after the turn of the millennium.

First Balkan War: The Turkish War Minister is assassinated by a member of the Young Turk movement, and Kamil Pasha, the Grand Vizier, is put under house arrest and forced to resign.

Society and culture:

In a general election in the Australian state of Tasmania, the position of the Liberal party is temporarily strengthened, although the government will only survive for a little over 1 more year.

In the UK, Sir William Julien Courtald, 1st Baronet of Bocking (in Essex) and family member of the Courtauld business empire, marriesĀ Constance Cecily Courtauld, his cousin, in Gosfield, Essex.

Man Made Disasters: In McKinney, Texas, a department store collapses during shopping hours and fire break out in the ruins. Eight are killed and more are injured.

Labour relations: In the US, 800 workers begin a strike in “Silk City”, Peterson, New Jersey. In two weeks they will be joined by another 24,000 workers at over 100 other mills in the City.

Law and Order: 14 year old Al Capone is expelled from school.