3rd July 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in London – Leueen MacGrath, London and Broadway actress.


~ Also Marmaduke Pattle, South African and Royal (British) Air Force fighter pilot shot down and killed in action near Athens, Greece, in April 1941, aged 26.


World Affairs: At the Simla conference in India, where the British are attempting to separate China and Tibet, the Chinese representative refuses to sign the final accord, which is signed only by Britain and Tibet.


Women’s suffrage: In Edinburgh’s Sheriff Court there are “stormy scenes” as suffragette Maude Edwards is charged with slashing a portrait of the King in the Royal Scottish Academy. Later in the day she is admitted to Perth Prison.



27th April 1914 (Monday)


~ in Florence, South Carolina – USAF Lieutenant General Joseph Harold Moore, who led “Operation Rolling Thunder”, the three and a half year US mission to bomb North Vietnam into submission, thereby compelling Hanoi to end its aggression against South Vietnam.



~ (today? or possibly earlier?)  In Tunapuna, Trinidad – Winifred Atwell, boogie-woogie and ragtime pianist.


World Affairs: Sir Henry McMahon, working on behalf of his British masters at the Shimla  border-treaty conference in British India, finalises the border demarcation treat between india and Tibet, which to this day is known as the “McMahon Line”.


Railway accidents: in South Kortright, Delaware County, New York State, Mrs. Rebecca White, the proprietor of the South Kortright Inn, is killed when she steps in front of an Ulster and Delaware coal train at a local crossing.


Society and culture: New Zealand farmer and diarist, George Adkin, is busy with the mundane business of life: skinning dead sheep and making plans to furnish his new marriage home.


15th April 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: In Norwich, England – John Gregory, dancer.


World Affairs: At the Simla conference in India, where the British are attempting to separate China and Tibet, the Chinese representative objects to Tibet being given equal status with China in the preamble to the draft convention.


Ireland: The paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force lands 25,000 German, Austrian and Italian rifles and three million rounds of ammunition at Larne in county Antrim. Irish nationalists accuse the British Government of “turning a blind eye” to the operation in order to give the Protestant unionists an advantage in the ongoing dispute over Irish Home Rule.


Empire and migration: reporting on the preparations for the Diamond Jubilee of the (British) settlement in Waipu in 1854, the New Zealand Herald explains that the monumental “Lion Rampant” has been delayed in its shipment from England, and won’t now be arriving in time for the Jubilee celebrations.



14th April 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: In Pittsburgh, PA and Chicago, Illinois – John Hodiak and John Hubbard, a pair of thespian Johns.



World Affairs: At a conference in Simla, British India (now Shimla in India) Indian, British, Tibetan and Chinese officials agree the details of a map delineating the McMahon line as the border between India and Tibet and the Irrawaddy-Salween line between Outer and Inner Tibet. The map is signed by the British and Tibetan representatives and initialed, but not signed, by Ivan Chen, the Chinese representative. This year (2014) the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies in Shimla (in conjunction with Institute of Chinese Studies in Delhi) is inviting papers for an international symposium where the problem will be discussed and renewed (but presumably not resolved) – June 2014.


Labour Relations: Cokemen at the Pinxton tar distillery in Derbyshire, England walk out in a dispute about pay and conditions.


Accidents: At Burntisland, near Edinburgh, Scotland – a signaller error causes a train collision, with one train falling from a height, killing 2 people and injuring 12 more.


Society and culture: In New Zealand, George Adkin, romantic farmer, chafes and grumbles when his mother turns down the heat on his evening with his fiancee.


17th September 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: At Riccione on the Italian Adriatic – Karma Dolma Chuzom, also known as Rosemary Vosse, altruist, theosophist, friend of Tibet, emigrant to South Africa and advocate of “voluntary simplicity”.


Law and Order: In the north of Ireland, Sir Edward Carson, the Irish unionist politician reviews the para military forces of the Orange Lodges in Kilkeel and Newry. Asked for his views on what is beginning to look like a provisional government in Northern iIreland he comments:

“I am told it is illegal ; of course it is. Drilling is illegal. I was reading an Act of Parliament the other day forbidding it. The volunteers are illegal, and the Government know they are illegal. The Government dare not interfere with what they know is illegal, and the reason the Government dare not interfere is this—because they know the moment they interfere with you then you will not brook their interference, and then the moment you do not brook their interference the knowledge would be brought home to every man in England that not only were you in earnest but that you were prepared to make any sacrifices to maintain your liberty” [The Spectator, 20 September 1913].


Women’s suffrage: In Tonbridge, England suffragettes fail in an arson attempt to destroy Penshurst Place, the home of Lord De L’Isle.


Labour Relations: In the Colorado coalfields, 90% of Colorado’s 11,000 miners strike for union recognition, shorter hours, increased pay, safer working conditions and an end to “company fraud”. They and their families are evicted from company housing.


“Extreme” weather: A “Great Rainstorm” hits Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England.


28th June 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Byton, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, in the Province of Wloclawek (Poland) – Leon Nowakowski, Priest of the diocese of Wloclawek. Killed by the nazis in October 1939 (aged 26).

Also: in Nowy Sącz (then in Austria-Hungarian Galicia, soon to be annexed by Russia, then occupied by Germany [WW1], briefly claimed by Ukraine, then part of Poland, before being re-occupied by Germany [WW2] and finally (?) settling in Poland, just north of the Slovakian border) – Efraim Racker, “Austrian” biochemist who grew up in Vienna, but fled to Britain before settling in the USA. “the regional Jewish community [of Nowy Sącz] numbered about 25,000 before World War 2… ninety percent of them died or did not return” [Wikipedia].

World Affairs: the Bulgarian king Ferdinand I orders his army to march into the disputed areas of Macedonia which were  taken from the Ottoman Empire by Greece and Serbia during the First Balkan War. This action destroys the Balkan League, and also forces Russia to rethink its strategic positions in the southern Balkans between the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. the Second Balkan War will be short but bloody, and leave all parties dis-satisfied and with their objectives in the Balkans and the Aegean unresolved. In exactly one year from today the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand will be assassinated in Sarajevo…

King George of V of Great Britain and Ireland is visited by a delegation of four Tibetan boys bearing letters and gifts from the 13th Dalai Lama.

Accidents: In London’s Hyde Park, Captain Matthew Meiklejohn, who lost his right arm but gained the Victoria Cross at the Battle of Elandslaagte in the Boer War, in 1899, is out riding when his horse bolts. Unable to control the horse with just one  arm he narrowly prevents the horse from trampling a group of children by forcing it up against the railings of Rotten Row. Impaled on the railings, he dies of his injuries on 4th July.

Society and Culture: At London’s “Olympia” Exhibition Centre, Londoners are enjoying the 7th International Horse Show.

13th February 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia – Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (Khalid, “son of Abdulaziz the Saud”). Future King of Saudi Arabia (1975-1982). Commemorated in various ways after his death, including through a wonderful international airport just north of Riyadh.

World Affairs: After invasion by Chinese Manchu forces, the Tibetans drive out the invaders and declare their independence.

In Mexico City, the battle between government and opposition forces continues throughout the fifth of the “Ten Tragic Days” of the Mexican Revolution.

Society and Culture: Mary Harris Jones, 83 year old labor activist, is arrested in Charleston, West Virginia during the mine confrontations and later sentenced under military law to three years in prison.

Shipping News: Off the coast of Norfolk (UK) the steamships “London” and “Edingurgh” collide, with the loss of the Edinburgh and her four crewmen. Meanwhile, off the North Oregon coast, the barque “Mimi” runs aground in fog on the Nehalem Spit and capsizes in the salvage operation with 17 deaths.