26th August 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Transvaal, South Africa – The National Party (Transvaal), representing the interests of Afrikaners.

War!

Eastern Front: In East Prussia, near  a town called Allenstein, the Russian Second Army under General Samsonov  – a force of around 230,000 – men engages with German Eighth Army (150,000). The Battle will last for five days and result in a crushing defeat for the Russians, with 92,000 taken prisoner and 78,000 killed or wounded. General Samsonov takes his own life, and the Germans decide to call the Battle “Tannenberg” (actually 30 miles away) to avenge a defeat of the Teutonic Knights at the hands of Lithuanian and Polish forces in the year 1410.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tannenberg

Western Front: At least 700 allied soldiers die as British and French forces fight a rearguard action at the Battle of Le Cateau, which buys them sufficient time to continue an orderly retreat ahead of the advancing Germans. The German loss of life is not recorded.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Le_Cateau

 Africa: The German colony of Togoland surrenders to British and French forces.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhaji_Grunshi

 

 

 

6th August 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Tipperary, Ireland – George Moulson, professional footballer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Moulson

War!

Serbia declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

In Belgium, the German Zeppelin airship L-Z drops thirteen bombs on the City of Liege, killing 9 people.

The Battle of the Frontiers opens when German troops cross from Luxembourg into France and take the town of Longwy.

In Britain, 80,000 troops, 30,000 horses and over 315 field guns are assembling on the south coast for the British Expeditionary Force crossing of the Channel / La Manche.

In West Africa: In Togoland and Cameroon, French forces seize German territory and outposts.

(sources: Almanac of World War 1; The Guns of August)

Shipping News: The SS Rohilla, (“named after Afghan tribes who had sought refuge in India during the 18th Century. They were annihilated by the Nawab of Oudh, with the unauthorised help of British troops”), is requisitioned as a hospital ship and renamed the HMHS Rohiila.

http://www.titanicandco.com/rohilla.html

Peace…

Thirty-one year old diarist Franz Kafka is having a bad day:“I am an empty vessel… Full of lies, hate and envy. Full of incompetence, stupidity, thickheadedness. Full of laziness, weakness and helplessness.”

http://kafkaesque-world.tumblr.com/page/32