6th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Little Willie – the world’s first tank.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-tank-produced

Society and culture: Scotland appoints Ms Emily Miller as its first ever policewoman.

http://www.chrislongmuir.co.uk/index.php/my-blog/35-first-policewoman-in-scotland-100-years-ago

War!

The Balkans: Bulgaria signs a military agreement with Germany agreeing to enter on the side of the Central Powers. In return for sending forces against Serbia and Montenegro (thereby re-opening the unresolved business of the recent Second Balkan War), Bulgaria is promised large parts of Macedonia, a sea port on the Adriatic and territorial concessions in European Turkey. [Burg & Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria%E2%80%93Germany_treaty_(1915)

Advertisements

30th August 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: In Swansea, Wales – Lillian May Davies, fashion model, and later Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland, after her marriage into the Swedish Royal Family in 1976.

http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Princess_Lilian,_Duchess_of_Halland

DIED TODAY:

~ On the Thames Estuary in Purfleet, Essex – 16 cadets and their training officer on His Majesty’s Training Ship “Cornwall” when it is struck by a government tug.

https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/news/museum-and-heritage/marking-great-war-disaster-at-purfleet

~ in Mardin, near (what is now) the Turkish/ Syrian border, Ignatius Abded Mshiho II, the 61 year old Patriarch of Antioch, Head of the Syriac Orthodox Church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignatius_Abded_Mshiho_II

~ At Gallipoli – Brigadier General P.A.Kenna VC DSO, 21st Lancers, 3rd Mounted Brigade and Lewis Leonard Grant, a labourer from Allansford, Victoria, Australia… and many others.

http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/lala_baba_cemetery.htm

https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=116811

28th August 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Boston, Massachusetts – Starling Burgess, better known as Tasha Tudor, illustrator and writer of children’s books.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasha_Tudor

War!

On the (Turkish) home front: In the town of Cizre, near the Syrian border, the authorities execute Philippe-Jacques Abraham, an ethnic Assyrian Bishop of the Chaldean Catholic Church, and Flavianus Michael Malke, the Syrian Catholic eparch, before having their bodies dragged through the streets of Cizre.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippe-Jacques_Abraham

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavianus_Michael_Malke

18th August 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Denton, North Carolina – Max Lanier, left handed pitcher.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Lanier

War!

Armenia: The New York Times reports on the horrors of the Turkish treatment of Armenians:
“Armenians are sent to perish in the desert. Turks accused of plan to exterminate Whole Population. People of Karahissar massacred” [New York Times]

http://www.genocide-museum.am/eng/media.php

15th August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson (later, Signe Hasso) Swedish born American actress.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signe_Hasso

Society and Culture: at St Mary Magdalene Parish church in Old Milton, Hampshire, in southern England, Ethel Henrietta Florence Burton (25) marries Frank Rex (“Jimmy”) Fletcher (25).

http://www.ciaofamiglia.com/frfletcher/fletchphotos/Frank_Edward_Fletcher_Family/fletcher_wedding_1915/FR_&_Ethel_marry_1915.htm

Leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a Sunday afternoon outing in the country (after church) with friends in their  “lovely Humber car… Maud [his fiance]wore a bewitching black veil tied over a soft hat + her black furs + when she nestled down into the billowy soft cushions + was tucked in with a nice fur rug, she looked like a sweetest little adorable duchess one could imagine.”

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Topic/5093

War!

Gallipoli: In response to the continuing failures of allied attacks on the Turkish at Suvla Bay, the British Secretary of War (Kitchener) dismisses the General in charge. Several more senior military men are either dismissed or voluntarily resign, an option sadly not available to the long suffering and frequently dying troops.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Suvla_Bay

 On the (British) Home Front: Under the recent National Registration Act, all UK citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 are required today to register as at the their current residential address.

https://derbyscheme.wordpress.com/2013/01/19/national-registration-act-1915/

10th August 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: In London – Frances Laura Charteris, “a British noblewoman and socialite” [Wikipedia]  who married a Viscount in 1933; an Earl in 1943; an American commoner rumoured to be the illegitimate son of the Duke of York in 1960; and a Duke in 1972.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laura_Spencer-Churchill,_Duchess_of_Marlborough

DIED TODAY: At Gallipoli – Harry Moseley, 27 year old research physicist from the University of Oxford whom “prominent experts have speculated… could have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics  in 1916, had he not been killed. As a consequence, the British government instituted new policies for eligibility for combat duty.” 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Moseley

8th August 1915 (Sunday)

War!

At Gallipoli, the slaughter continues. RIP William George Malone; Harry William Hooper; McKenzie Maxwell;  Cecil Anthony McAnulty; John Henry Adams; Albert Louis Albin; Bertrand Auchterlonie; Harold McClean Avery; Herbert Stanley Back; Thomas Vincent Baker; Andrew Barr; John Robert Baxter;  and so many, many others, including many young Turkish men hidden from google view by my lack of Turkish language skills…

The Battle of Chunuk Bair lasted from August 7th to 19th and claimed 16,000 casualties from the Ottoman and British Empires. [Wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chunuk_Bair