BORN TODAY: in Waukesha, Wisconsin – Lester William Polsfuss, known to the world as Les Paul. Yes, that Les Paul.
Vesnitch was the Serbian ambassador to Paris in the summer of 1914. He recounts a conversation with Viviani, France Minister for Foreign Affairs and de facto Prime Minister, to Pašić, the Serbian Prime Minister.
Vesnitch to Pašić. Paris, July 4,1914.
I had a long conversation on Wednesday last on the subject of the Serajevo outrage with M. Viviani, the new Minister for Foreign Affairs, who was somewhat concerned at what had occurred. I made use of this opportunity to describe to him briefly the causes which had led to the outrage, and which were to be found, in the first place, in the irksome system of Government in force in the annexed provinces, and especially in the attitude of the officials, as well as in the whole policy of the Monarchy towards anything orthodox. He understood the situation, but at the same time expressed the hope that we…
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BORN TODAY: in Pawłowicach, Near Leszno (then in Prussia, later in Poland, then part of the Third Reich and now once again in Poland) – Flying Officer Włodzimierz Adam Kolanowski, Unit 302 of the Polish Squadron of the (British) Royal Air Force.Captured by the Germans in 1941 and took part in the acclaimed “Great Escape” before being recaptured and executed along with 49 other escapees.
World Affairs: The “Conference of Ambassadors” (of the six “Great Powers”), meeting in London, set and agree the southern borders of the new Albanian state.
Accidents: Twelve workers die in a rockslide during the (continuing) building of the Panama Canal.
BORN TODAY: in Charlotte Street, Lerwick, Scotland – George “Dodie” Irvine, who died (along with 378 others) on board the aircraft carrier “HMS Dasher”, after a massive explosion in the Firth of Clyde on 27th March 1943. The true cause of the explosion and the location of the mass grave used to dispose of the bodies were covered up by the authorities for nearly 70 years.
Society and Culture: In the state of Maine, USA, “Naked Joe” Knowles stages an early reality entertainment when he strips to his jock-strap and heads off to spend two months in the woodland “wilderness”, regularly leaving bulletins written on birch bark at pre-arranged locations for journalists.
In Great Dunmow, Essex, England – in the ancient “flitch trial” (which is claimed to date back to the twelfth century) to identify the most harmoniously married of couples, the flitch (side) of bacon is awarded to Littlejohn and Lily Rose Wood from North London and William and Agnes Hewett from York. The Victorians revived the tradition in the mid nineteenth century and the event is now held regularly in each leap year.
Science, technology and transport: the City of Nottingham in England opens its tram service between Nottingham and Ripley. The trams (“the Ripley Rattlers”) will only operate for 20 years, quickly becoming known as the most dangerous tramway in England.
Cinema: In Aston, Birmingham, England the “Globe Electric Palace” cinema opens for business.
BORN TODAY – Orbie Lee Orbison in Olistree, Oklahoma, father of singer Roy Orbison.
First Balkan War: Newly independent Albania establishes its own law enforcement agencies (police force and gendarmerie).
Human Rights: In Delhi, India, the British Government forcibly demolishes part of the walls of the Gurudwara Rakab Ganj, in order to build a straight road for the proposed new Government House, now that the capital has been transferred to Delhi. The special significance of the location to the Sikh community and the destruction of the walls leads to widespread Sikh unrest later in 1913.
Empire: The Ulster Volunteer Force is established by the Ulster Unionist Council in the north of Ireland as a counter force to the Irish movement for Home Rule (independence from Great Britain).
Transportation: In Dartford, UK, a Vickers No 6 Monoplane – being tested after conversion into a biplane – crashes into the River Thames, killing both the pilot, Leslie McDonald, and his mechanic, Harry English.