12th July 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in the Pavlovsk Palace, the 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Paul I in Saint Petersburg  – Princess Catherine Ivanovna of Russia, great-great-granddaughter of Tsar Nicolas I and niece of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia: the last member of the Russian Imperial Family to be born before the fall of the dynasty, and ultimately the last surviving uncontested dynast of the Imperial House of Russia. She died in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 2007, aged 92.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Princess_Catherine_Ivanovna_of_Russia

War!

Gallipoli: Allied forces make a final attempt to take the hill of Achi Baba which overlooks the places where many allied soldiers have been pinned for weeks.

“As was the norm with operations from Helles casualties were inordinately high.  The Allies incurred 4,000 casualties and the Turkish force rather more, 10,000.  For all that the Turkish force suffered twice as heavily the encounter nevertheless ended with possession of Achi Baba remaining in Turkish hands.”

http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/achibaba_jul.htm

War at Sea: Off England’s east coast, the German submarine SM-UB6 has a productive day destroying four English fishing boats.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_July_1915

History, not fresh, but preserved and recycled: On the Western Front, Ulstermen from Northerl Ireland  and the Orangemen diaspora celebrate the Battle of the Boyne (1690)…

“We (the Canadians) all gathered together with a good many Ulstermen to celebrate the Battle of the Boyne. The procession started from “Shrapnel Square” and was headed by an old scout mounted on a white horse with its mane and tail plaited with Orange and Purple ribbon. Next came the fife and drums well decorated with Orange Lilies and “No Surrender” was painted on the flag we carried“.

http://www.grandorangelodge.co.uk/history.aspx?id=99487#.VZQZzBOqqko

Advertisements

17th February 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Newcastle, northern England – George Mathwin Forrester – RAF Hurricane Pilot who died during the Battle of Britain in July 1940, aged 26.

http://www.bbm.org.uk/Forrester.htm

Arms Race: In the British Parliament, the First Lord of the Admiralty (Winston Churchill) declines to answer a question from a member about comments in the German Parliament regarding proposals for mutual reductions in naval construction.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1914/feb/17/germany-and-great-britain#S5CV0058P0_19140217_CWA_44

World Affairs: Hjalmar Hammarskjöld replaces Karl Albert Staaf as Prime Minister of Sweden.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hjalmar_Hammarskj%C3%B6ld

Aftermath of the Second Balkan War: In Northern Epirus (previously part of the Ottoman Empire, but recently granted to newly formed Albania under the Protocol of Florence), Greek forces lead an armed rebellion to declare the Independence of Norther Epirus from the Albanians.

http://www.sfeva.gr/76F95304.en.aspx

Society and Culture: The National Opera Company of Canada collapses after just one season amid accusations and scandal.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/national-opera-company-of-canada-emc/

Science and technology: the New York “American” magazine reports on US senate intentions for formally inquire into the use of babies and infants for vivisection experiments.

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6F2lmCfiy8gC&pg=PA170&lpg=PA170&dq=17th+february+1914&source=bl&ots=wYlHSJwTQV&sig=YNFv7nouWfxCJuTPay_0hBaX1VM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ONj1UoWuFsOrhQfQ34DQCw&ved=0CCkQ6AEwADgU#v=onepage&q=17th%20february%201914&f=false

Shipwrecks: In Massachusetts, USA – the Italian cargo ship “Castagna”, laden with guano from Uruguay, runs aground on Cape Cod. Five of the thirteen crew perish of cold before lifesavers are able to reach them.

http://www.uscg.mil/history/stations/CAHOONSHOLLOW.pdf

9th July 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: At Kenardington in Kent, UK – Charlie Bridger, quarryman son of a farm labourer from a musical lineage. British folk music revivalist in the 1980s. (“Three maidens a-milking did go“)

World Affairs: China signs a treaty with Russia relinquishing its claims to Mongolia.

Second Balkan War: Serbian forces defeat a Bulgarian army at the Battle of Bregalnica (now part of  Macedonia).

Crime and Punishment: In the UK, Thomas Fletcher, jilted lover, is hanged at Worcester Gaol by Thomas Pierrepoint for the murder of his former fiance, Lilian (Lily) Wharton.

Royal Lancastrian Progress: On the third day of their royal tour, King George V and Queen Mary visit Accrington, Bacup, Shawforth, Whitworth, and also Rochdale, where they are treated to the opening recital of the new James J Binn’s organ which is the centrepiece of the Rochdale town Hall. The recital is performed by Herbert Walton, the organist of Glasgow cathedral.

Science and Technology: in Maadi, by the Nile, (now a suburb of Cairo) American Frank Shuman demonstrates his new invention – the solar panel power plant.

22nd June 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Whitwood, Yorkshire – James Langley, teacher in South Emsall before joining the Royal Navy (Ordinary Coder – Service Number: P/JX 229372). Died on board HMS Hood on 24th May 1941 (along with 1414 other crew members from the crew of 1418) when she is destroyed by the German battleship Bismarck during the Battle of the Denmark Strait.

World Affairs (Second Balkan War): In Serbia, the Prime Minister and his cabinet resign because of the lack of progress in negotiations with Bulgaria.

History of Transport: In Mockau, Leipzig, Germany, King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony inaugurates Mockau Airport. In recent years it had become famous for its regular launches of Zeppelins, and will soon be commandeered by the military.

Shipping Accidents: The Swedish Iron Barque “Belle Isle” leaves Liverpool, bound for the town of Fray Bentos in Uruguay. She will never be heard of again. 

17th March 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY – Manohar Aich, Indian  bodybuilder, and  Charles McManis, US organ builder. Respectively Mr Universe (group III) 1952 and a founder member of the American Institute of Organ Builders.

Arms Race: The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.

At Govan on the Clyde (Scotland) the Fairfield Shipping Company launch HMS Fortune, the twenty first ship of the  British Royal Navy to carry that name. In just over three years she will be sunk at the Battle of Jutland (31 May/ 1st June 1916).

Music and entertainment: In Transylvania, Bela Bartok the Hungarian composer completes his two weeks collecting Romanin folk music.

Society and Culture: Buffalo, New York holds its first ever St Patrick’s Day Parade, when a group of Buffalo’s Irish immigrants decide to manifest their allegiance to both their native and their adopted countries. The first Parade Marshal Mike Quinn leads a group of 5,000 marchers from the Elk Street Market Terminal to Euclid Place and back in sub-zero temperatures.

parade

Meanwwhile, in warmer climes, further South, Port Orange, in Volusia County, Florida (first settled in 1867) achieves “town status”.

HAPPY CENTENARY to the currently estimated 56,000 inhabitants of Port Orange “City”.

For those in the area: “The Centennial Celebration will start at 4 p.m. at Riverwalk Park off Ridgewood Avenue. There will be live music, carnival games, pony rides, gourmet food trucks, historic photos and displays and fireworks that start at about 7:45 pm” today.