9th August 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Helsinki, in the Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire – Tove Jansson, who brought the Moomins to a war torn world in the late 1940s.



Western Front: The first two corps of the British Expeditionary Force land in Northern France, while further south the Germans retake Mulhouse in Alsace from the French (Battle of Mulhouse).

The Southern Front: Austria-Hungary declares war on Montenegro.

War at Sea: The British cruiser “Birmingham” rams German Uboat 15 sending it (the Uboat) to a watery grave with the loss of all on board.


Sources: Wikipedia:


Burg and Purcell: Almanac of World War 1






5th August 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: In Cleveland, Ohio – the automated traffic light. The American Traffic Signal Co instals the first electric traffic light system at East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue.



Eastern Front: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

The Balkan Front: In Cetinje, Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.

Western Front: The Battle of Liege begins. German troops make a surprise night attack on four of Liege’s twelve forts which is repulsed with heavy German casualties. German forces execute Belgian priests claimed to be engaged in conspiratorial resistance to the invasion.

The War at Sea: In the first naval engagement of the war, two British destroyers sink the German minelayer Konigin Luise, fifty miles off the English coast.

(sources: Almanac of World War 1; The Guns of August)



Accidents: Near Joplin, Missouri, USA, a train collision kills 42 people.