12th September 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY:

~ on the River Mersey – HMS Constance, a “C” class light cruiser for the (British) Royal Navy’s 4th light cruiser squadron of the Grand Fleet. She will take part in the Battle of Jutland (1916), and visit China in the late 1920s before being sold for scrap in 1936, aged 21.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Constance_(1915)

~ at Whitmore Park on the outskirts of Coventry in the English Midlands – National (artillery shell) Filling Factory number 10.

http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/National_Filling_Factories

~ In Lannelly, in South Wales – the idea of converting an existing factory for the production of six inch shells. The plan is approved by the Ministry in two days, and the first shell is produced in just 5 weeks.

http://www.llanellich.org.uk/files/297-shell-and-rectification-factories

6th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Little Willie – the world’s first tank.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-tank-produced

Society and culture: Scotland appoints Ms Emily Miller as its first ever policewoman.

http://www.chrislongmuir.co.uk/index.php/my-blog/35-first-policewoman-in-scotland-100-years-ago

War!

The Balkans: Bulgaria signs a military agreement with Germany agreeing to enter on the side of the Central Powers. In return for sending forces against Serbia and Montenegro (thereby re-opening the unresolved business of the recent Second Balkan War), Bulgaria is promised large parts of Macedonia, a sea port on the Adriatic and territorial concessions in European Turkey. [Burg & Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria%E2%80%93Germany_treaty_(1915)

27th August, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Washington DC – Norman Foster Ramsey Jr, US physicist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Foster_Ramsey,_Jr.

War!

The (British) Home Front:  The hop growers of Worcestershire are facing a serious labour shortage because inceasing numbers of men are at war and women and girls are being attracted away to better pay in munitions factories.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1915/08/threats-to-hop-crop-in-labour-shortage/

16th August 1915 (Monday)

War  from the sea!

~ On England’s north-west coast, near Whitehaven, a German submarine surfaces in the early morning hours and shells an explosives factory, followed by local villages.

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cumbria-28668657

30th July, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Brighton, England – Rachel Amos (later Bromwich), “Celtic scholar celebrated for her masterly dictionary of Welsh and British legend” [The Independent].

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/rachel-bromwich-celtic-scholar-celebrated-for-her-masterly-dictionary-of-welsh-and-british-legend-2184096.html

War!

Western Front: At one of the narrowest sections of no-man’s land, at Hooge in Belgium, German soldiers surprise British defenders with six of their new Flammenwerfer (flamethrowers) to capture the Hooge crater. [Burg & Purcell: Almanac of World War 1].

http://www.ramsdale.org/hooge.htm

Australia: WIth a growing sense of unity among the Australian states, the nation holds its first “National Day”.

https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2013/01/22/the-other-australia-day-30-july-1915/

In Gosford, New South Wales, Miss McCabe appears as “Britannia”, holding a trident. transported in a  Chrome Yellow Renault garlanded with flowers. [Flickr].

Britannia tableau, Australia Day parade, Gosford, Friday 30 July 1915

While in New Zealand, farmer and diarist George Adkin “levelled heaps in [his] Cow p[addock] all day”.

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Topic/5077

3rd July 1915 (Saturday)

War!

On the American home front: German-American Erich Muenter, also known as Erich Holt or  Frank Holt, plants a bomb on board the SS Minnehaha in New York, a ship loaded with munitions bound for Britain, before attempting (unsuccessfully) to assassinate financier  J.P.Morgan Jr who has arranged for Britain to borrow large amounts in the US to finance its war effort against Germany.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Muenter

http://www.nndb.com/people/934/000171421/

20th June 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Hamburg – SM UC-6, a German  minelayer submarine.  In just over two years she will sink over 50 ships before herself being destroyed in September 1917.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SM_UC-6

War!

Eastern Front: At the Battle of Lemberg, German & Austro-Hungarian forces lauch an attack to re-take the city and the Austrian fortress lost to the Russians in 1914 (later Lwów in Poland, now Lviv in Ukraine).

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_lemberg1915.html

Across Empires: in St John’s on the Island of St. Pierre et Miquelon ( a vestige of the colony of New France off the Atlantic coast of Canada) 242 Canadian recruits of “F” company embark on HM Troopship Calgarian, bound for Liverpool and the war in Europe, including Inuit and Métis volunteers from Labrador.

http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/articles/aboriginals-first-world-war.php