BORN TODAY: Louis Germain David de Funès de Galarza, French comic.
Across Europe, Governments are ordering full mobilisation of armies, each afraid that the others will “steal a march” and gain a day’s movement of forces.
! Germany issues ultimata to both Russia and France
! Austria moves from limited aggression against Serbia to full mobilisation
! Turkey order mobilization for 3rd August
! Britain asks both Germany and France whether they will respect Belgian neutrality, and meantime issues order to its fleet in the Mediterranean to aid French transportation of troops back from Africa, and to interfere with German vessels if it can be done without undue risk.
[Almanac of Worlds War 1]
Assassination: In the “Croissant Cafe” in the Rue Montmartre in Paris, French socialist and anti-militarist Jean Jaures is shot dead by a French nationalist in retaliation for his (Jaure’s) efforts to preserve peace between France and Germany.