BORN TODAY: in Beckenham, Kent – Betty Box, prolific English film producer.
Western Front: the British launch what will prove to be the largest British battle of 1915 on the Western Front: The Battle of Loos.
BORN TODAY: in Cleveland, Tennessee – Carl Fallberg, animator.
BORN TODAY: in New York City – Edmond O’Brien, actor.
Local journalism, 100 years ago today: in England, the Western Times provides its readers with an update:
Crime and punishment: At the Tower of London, at 6.00AM, Ernst Waldemar Melin, a Swedish national, is executed by firing squad for the crime of spying on behalf of the German government.
BORN TODAY: in Sialkot, in British India (now in Pakistan) – Rajinder Singh Bedi, Urdu playwright and later a Hindi film director and screenwriter. “In his memory, the Government of Punjab has started a “Rajinder Singh Bedi Award” in the field of Urdu Literature”. [Wikipedia]
~ in Stockholm – Ingrid Bergman, orphaned at 12 years old.
~ In Greenock, Scotland – Archibald Macintosh Doak, architect.
BORN TODAY: in Chicago – Ringgold Wilmer Lardner Jr., journalist and screenwriter blacklisted in post-war Hollywood for his un-american activities, who later wrote the screenplay for M*A*S*H.
War at Sea: The German submarine U-24 sinks the White Star Liner, “Arabic”, with the loss of 44 lives. In retaliation the British Royal Navy’s “HMS Baralong” tricks another U-boat, U-27 by flying a US flag and feigning the rescue of passengers from another British steamer, and then shelling and destroying the submarine. The 12 surviving crew of U-27 take refuge on the steamer they were about to destroy, but are summarily executed by a boarding party from the Baralong. (“the Baralong incident”).
BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson (later, Signe Hasso) Swedish born American actress.
Society and Culture: at St Mary Magdalene Parish church in Old Milton, Hampshire, in southern England, Ethel Henrietta Florence Burton (25) marries Frank Rex (“Jimmy”) Fletcher (25).
Leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a Sunday afternoon outing in the country (after church) with friends in their “lovely Humber car… Maud [his fiance]wore a bewitching black veil tied over a soft hat + her black furs + when she nestled down into the billowy soft cushions + was tucked in with a nice fur rug, she looked like a sweetest little adorable duchess one could imagine.”
Gallipoli: In response to the continuing failures of allied attacks on the Turkish at Suvla Bay, the British Secretary of War (Kitchener) dismisses the General in charge. Several more senior military men are either dismissed or voluntarily resign, an option sadly not available to the long suffering and frequently dying troops.
On the (British) Home Front: Under the recent National Registration Act, all UK citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 are required today to register as at the their current residential address.
BORN TODAY: in Berlin – Eleonore “Loni” Nest, German child star actress who ended her career after more than 40 movies at the age of 13, before retiring to the south of France [Wikipedia]
Adriatic skullduggery: The Triple Alliance (Britain, France and Russia) reneges on its secret commitment to Italy (that control of parts of the Adriatic coast should only be decided after the war) by sending an official note to Serbia confirming the post-war territorial claims of Serbia and Montenegro. [Wikipedia].
BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Birgit Tengroth, Swedish film actress who appeared in 46 films between 1926 and 1950.