26th July 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Nidubrolu in Andhra Pradesh, British India – Pragada Kotaiah, freedom fighter and parliamentarian.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pragada_Kotaiah

War!

Socialism in Italy: a “rising star” of the Italian socialist party, one Benito Mussolini, expresses the view that “Italian workers should give ‘not a penny’ to the cause of war, nor spill ‘one drop of blood’ for a cause that had ‘nothing to do with it’. If the government failed to declare neutrality, the proletatriat would force it to do so”. [Mark Thompson: “The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919”].

Fire in Constantinople:  A great fire in Istanbul, later attributed to Russian areoplane bombing, destroys over 3000 buildings.

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=WC19150825.2.49.3

Submarines in the Dardanelles: the French submarine “Mariotte” is sunk by the Ottoman Navy, and its crew taken as prisoners of war.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_July_1915

Discipline on the Western Front: in the largest single judicial execution by the British during the war, 5 members of the 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment are executed on the ramparts of Ypres.

http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/shot_at_dawn

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21st July 1915 (Wednesday)

Crime and punishment

Less than one year after the start of the war, Private Herbert Burden of the  Northumberland Fusiliers, aged 19, becomes the 41st British solider to be judicially executed.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/2546-21-july-1915-pte-herbert-burden.html

8th July 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Lviv (Lwów”, “Lvov”, or “Lemberg”, depending on your linguistic roots) – the Army of the Bug, known to its friends as the “Armeeoberkommando Bug”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Bug

War!

On the British Home Front:

~ At Aldershot, Lance Corporal Benjamin Burnley, a collier from  Pontefract, overstays his authorised leave by 9 hours and 35 minutes, for which he is severely reprimanded and forfeits a day’s pay.

http://www.wakefield.gov.uk/residents/libraries-and-local-history/local-and-family-history/we-will-remember-them/stories/pontefract/benjamin-burnley

~ In the personal column of the London “Times”, Ethel M shames Jack F.G:

“Jack F.G. If you are not in khaki by the 20th I shall cut you dead. Ethel M.”.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/11/first-world-war-white-feather-cowardice

26th June 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Shreveport, Louisiana – Willard Jessie “Home Run” Brown, Major League Baseball player.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willard_Brown

War!

The Russian Home Front: The Minister of War is forced to resign because of the scandal surrounding the under supply of the Russian army. He is promptly arrested, suspected of “being involved in the gross corruption that afflicts the entire Russian armaments production and supply system”. [Burg & Purcell].

24th June 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:  in Bingley, West Yorkshire – Sir Fred Hoyle, stellar nucleosynthesist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Hoyle

http://rsbm.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/roybiogmem/49/213

War! 

Western Front: After being missing from his regiment for nearly nine months Corporal Frederick Ives (12295) of the 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, is arrested today, wearing civilian clothes, by an officer of the Army Veterinary Corps.  Corporal Ives will be court-martialled on 7th July and executed by firing squad with four other deserters on 26th July.

http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/shot_at_dawn

4th June, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Bamako, capital of the colony of French Sudan (now Mali) – Modibo Keïta, the first President of independent Mali, 1960-1968.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modibo_Ke%C3%AFta

War!

Gallipoli: At the Third Battle of Krithia, the Allies once again fail to make any significant advance against the Turkish defenders.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Battle_of_Krithia

http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/krithia3.htm

On the Western Front: Private Oliver W. Hodgetts (8662) 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, having recently been found guilty of cowardice, is shot by firing squad at dawn. Private Hodgetts is 20 years old.

http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/shot_at_dawn

On the (English) Home Front: in Kent, the Dover Express reports how the local golf club is enjoying great popularity with Military Officers, who are however having to “make do” with girl caddies because so many young men are away fighting the war.

http://catalogue.stmargaretshistory.org.uk/items/show/2064

29th May 1915 (Saturday)

Society and culture: In Central England, a local paper, the Herts Mercury, reports on the trial of a young lady accused of the crime of attempted suicide:

“At Much Hadham Alice Gould (21), a domestic servant, of Little Hadham, was charged with attempting to commit suicide on April 14, by taking spirits of salts, a corrosive poison.  The defendant, who had been arrested that day, looked very ill, and was allowed to be seated in court in charge of Mrs. Lee, acting as wardress.”

After hearing the evidence against the young lady:

The Chairman said any person attempting to take his or her life was liable to serious punishment.  The defendant did not seem to be aware that she would cause herself serious injury.  She had a perfectly good character, good home, and very respectable parents.  The Bench under the circumstances felt justified in dismissing the case, and would appeal to the parents to look after her so that she might recover her health.”

http://www.hertspastpolicing.org.uk/page/attempted_suicide-2?path=0p34p85p