27th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Zagreb in Austria-Hungary (now the capital of Croatia) – Milan Antolković, Croatian footballer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milan_Antolkovi%C4%87

 

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26th April 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Furth, Bayern, Germany – Ludwig Schweickert, European wrestler killed in action during World War 2.

http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/sc/ludwig-schweickert-1.html

ACCIDENTS: In the English village of Brayton in Cumberland, a pit explosion injures 8 miners, seven of whom will subsequently die of their injuries.

http://www.rumneys.co.uk/braytondomain/accidents/1915_disaster.htm

War!

World affairs: In London,  Italian diplomats agree to declare war on Germany and her allies within one month, in exchange for territory in the South Tyrol, and in the Adriatic, including Gorizia, Istria and most of Dalmatia – the homes of 230,000 German speaking Austrians and around 750,000 Slovenes and Croats, far outnumbering the 650,000 Italians also residing there. [The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919].

Dardanelles: British submarine E-14 successfully passes through the Dardanelles, reaching the sea of Marmara and sinking a Turkish gunboat. [Burg & Purcell].

9th April, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: On the Island of Vis in the Austro-Hungarian empire (now in Croatia) – Tomislav Bradanovic Lincir, migrant, actor and lover of fruit trees.

http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/dailybreeze/obituary.aspx?pid=174012124

War!

The Western Front: The “Times” of London reports rumours that German forces are planning to use chemical weapons against the Allies:

“It has been reported that in the Argonne, where the trenches are very close, the Germans have on several occasions pumped blazing oil or pitch onto the French, but, according to the statements of our prisoners, they are preparing a more novel reception for us in front of parts of our line. They propose to asphyxiate our men if they advance by means of poisonous gas. The gas is contained under pressure in steel cylinders, and, being of a heavy nature, will spread along the ground without being dissipated quickly.”

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/second-ypres-1915/prelude/press-warning.htm

The Middle East: Sir John Nixon arrives in Basra, in Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq) to take command of the original Expeditionary Force, with orders to carry on with a further advance of 60 miles up the Tigris from al-Qurnah to Erza’s tomb and al-Amara.

http://www.winkleighheroes.co.uk/level3/kut.htm

8th April, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Zagreb, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now the capital of Croatia) – Ivan Supek, Croatian physicist, philosopher, playwright, writer and peace activist [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Supek

War!

The (Turkish) Home Front: In Zeitoun, in Cilicia, south east Turkey, the Turkish government begins the first of its year long systematic program of deporting Armenians. The official justification for the program is the belief that Armenians have been supporting, and in some cases fighting alongside, Russian invading forces from the Caucasus region.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=H0mfmdThGLAC&pg=PA642&lpg=PA642&dq=8th+april+1915&source=bl&ots=GIqijy0oQb&sig=ckm7S0LUp6E7Uvg6M9K915AP9Hk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nXUdVav7OtHmaNiWgNAD&ved=0CEgQ6AEwCTgK#v=onepage&q=8th%20april%201915&f=false

1st March 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Solesmes, in northern France – Gustave Choque, mathematician.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_Choquet

War!

Southern Europe: Stirred in part by the belief that the Allies are making progress against Turkey in the Dardanelles, and therefore might overwhelm Turkey before the Italians have created a negotiating position fror themselves, the Italian general staff puts the army on a “red alert” for mobilisation. A secret proposal is presented in London whereby Italy’s reward for joining the Allies would be significant gains in the South Tyrol, Trieste, Gorizia and Istria, Dalmatia, Kotor (in modern Montenegro) and Albania, effectively turning the Adriatic into an Italian fjord. [Mark Tompson: “The White War, Life and Death on the Isonzo Front, 1915-1919″].

In the Dardanelles:  British fishing trawlers, equipped as minesweepers and with largely civilian crews, begin a two week attempt to clear the straits of mines.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/march-1915.html

The Home Front: in London, on St David’s Day, the newly formed Welsh Guard (part of the British Guards Division) mounts its first “Kings Guard” at Buckingham Palace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_Guards

12th October 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Pakoštane, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (later the Kingdom of Serbs and Croats, then Yugoslavia, now Croatia) – Maksimilijan “Maks” Baće, revolutionary.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maks_Ba%C4%87e_Mili%C4%87

 

29th June, 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:   in Little Tew, in Oxfordshire – Nancy Sandars, archaeologist.

http://www.nancysandars.org.uk/biography_early_life.php

World Affairs: In Sarajevo, Catholic Croats and Muslims riot (together), attacking Serbians and their homes and businesses. [“Almanac of World War 1“]. Fifty are injured, and one is killed. There are also anti-Serbian riots in Vienna.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Almanac-World-War-David-Burg/dp/081319087*

~ in Pokrovskoye, in the Tyumen Oblast, in Russia – Khioniya Guseva tries to assassinate Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, the Russian mystic, faith healer and private adviser to the Romanovs. She is judged to be insane and committed to an asylum until 1917.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khioniya_Guseva

A wandering archaeologist: Thomas Edward Lawrence, a twenty five year old Oxford graduate and archaeologist, is taking a break in England and writes to a friend that he will be in England for another 2 or 3 weeks, after which he expects to return to his duties at Carchemish in Syria. [“Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East”, by Scott Anderson].

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Lawrence-Arabia-Deceit-Imperial-Making-ebook/dp/B00HK5DZG4/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1402758365&sr=1-1&keywords=lawrence+in+arabia