7th July 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Birmingham, Alabama – Margaret Abigail Walker, novelist and poet.

http://www.nndb.com/people/832/000114490/

Extreme Weather: A violent storm kills at least 38 people in Cincinatti, Ohio. “An uncertain number of people drowned in overturned boats in the Ohio River.”

http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/swio/pages/content/1915_winds.htm

War!

On the Southern Front: The first battle of the Isonzo, between Italian and Austro-Hungarian forces, draws to a close after two weeks.

“The first battle of the Isonzo cost the Italians 14,947 casualties, including 1,500 men taken prisoner. The Austrians lost 9,948 men, a higher proportion of their army on the Isonzo, but not enough to win the Italians a breakthrough. The search for that breakthrough would result in ten more Italian attacks on the Isonzo, none of which would achieve the decisive breakthrough.” [www.historyofwar.org]

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_isonzo1.html

6th January 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Chiselhurst, Kent – Alan Wilson Watts, “Zen beat counterculture sage” [nndb.com], or “British-born philosopher, writer, and speaker, best known as an interpreter and populariser of Eastern philosophy for a Western audience” [Wikipedia].

http://www.nndb.com/people/445/000161959/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Watts

Peace:

Extreme weather: Parts of southern and western England are experiencing significant flooding, including historic Salisbury Cathedral.

http://salisburyandstonehenge.net/on-this-day/january/6th-january-1915-salisbury-cathedral-is-flooded

 

1st December 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in the British Punjab – Amarnath Gelaram Khetarpal, “Indian film director, producer, story & script writer whose career spanned more than 4 decades in the film industry” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._Amarnath

War!

Eastern Front: In the Carpathian Mountains in Galicia (now part of Poland), the Austro-Hungarian army engages Russian forces in the Battle of Limanowa which will last for 12 days, and claim around 42,000 casualties – dead, wounded or captured.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Limanowa

Cartoonists give their view of the Russian treatment of the Austrian and German invaders in Poland.

http://www.cartoonww1.org/image.htm?id=104

Western Front: The British King, George V is visiting troops on the Western Front, and an anonymous nursing sister writes:

“6.30pm – we’ve just caught up H.M. King George’s train at St Omer, but he is evidently out dining with Sir John French [the senior British army officer in France]. We are just alongside. He has red and blue curtains lining the bridges to keep royal khaki shoulders from getting smutty. His chef has a grey beard…” [Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front, 1914-1915].

The King’s duties today include awarding the Victoria Cross to soldiers at the front line:

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=0vpsBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA196&lpg=PA196&dq=1st+december+1914&source=bl&ots=CvZceiOtC6&sig=WxpzswCSNSq-nC46fnEoc1sNXgc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Yah0VNGdCYzmarDXgZAL&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBTge#v=onepage&q=1st%20december%201914&f=false

Peace:

Extreme Weather: the City of Oxford, England, experiences the first day of what will become its wettest three winter months since records began in 1760. The record will not be broken for over 99 years, until February 2014.

http://www.geog.ox.ac.uk/news/articles/140203-wettest-january.html

19th July 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Charleroi, Belgium – René Pedroli, Swiss professional road bicycle racer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Pedroli

World Affairs: In Vienna, the Austro-Hungarian council of ministers approves the final draft of the ultimatum to Serbia, but delays sending it because the French President is currently on a state visit to its ally, Russia.

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/timeline/ww1-events-1914.htm

Migration: In Vancouver harbour, Indian migrants who have been detained on the SS Komataga and denied permission to disemabark for nearly two months take control of the engine room to prevent the vessel from leaving.  A battle ensues when armed police arrive on a tugboat and turn the hoses on the migrant ship.

http://pasttensevancouver.tumblr.com/post/23627708172/komagatamaru1914

Extreme Weather: Istanbul is hit by a freak tornado which causes loss of life, destruction of property and crops and is followed by lightning strikes with more casualties including the death of a group sheltering under a tree.

http://ataturkilkeleri.istanbul.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Onder_Kocaturk-The_Great_Storm_and_Tornado_Incident_in_Istanbul.pdf

21st June 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Victoria, British Columbia – Wiliam Spencer Vickrey, post Keynesian economist and Nobel Laureate.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Vickrey

World Affairs: Serbian diplomat Jovan Jovanovic warns Leon Bilinski, the Austrian finance minister, that there may be an assassination plot against Archduke Franz Ferdinand when he visits Sarajevo next week. His warning is ignored.

http://www.wonderpediamagazine.co.uk/history/could-ww1-have-been-avoided

Extreme Weather: the city of Termez in Central Asia (previously belonging to the Emirate of Bukhara, at this time part of Imperial Russia, later in the Soviet Union, and now the most Southern point in Uzbekistan)  experiences the hottest temperature ever recorded in Uzbekistan – 49.6 celsius.

http://www.dfa.gov.za/foreign/bilateral/uzbekistan.html

Sport: In Buenos Aires – England’s Exeter City football club beat a team representing Southern Argentina 3-0.

http://ecfcst.org.uk/2014/05/29/exeter-city-v-argentina-sud-limited-edition-replica-programme/

 

14th June 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Korostienie in the Zhitomir region, Ukraine, Imperial Russia – Piotr Kozachenko, graduate of the Odessa Military Air College (1936) who fought with the Chinese forces against the Japanese in 1937 and for the Soviet Union against Finland in the Winter War in 1939-1940. On the first day of the Great Patriotic War against Germany (in 1941) he claimed his first successes against German aircraft, and in 1942 was fighting on the North Caucasus front. After receiving the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin in May 1943 he began operating over the Crimea area on the 2nd Ukrainian Front. He died during a mission over Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk in Poland) in March 1945, aged 30.

http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/soviet_kozachenko.htm

~ in Nagutskaya, in the Caucasus region of  Imperial Russia, Yuri Andropov: orphan; loader; telegraph clerk; sailor on the Volga; young communist; local and then national activist; Soviet Ambassador to Budapest during the Hungarian uprising; Chairman of the KGB; Politburo member; interrogator; invader of Afghanistan; and General Secretaty of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. {Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Andropov

World Affairs: Russian Tsar Nicholas II, who has been taking a holiday in Russian Crimea, visits the Romanian King, by sea, in Constanta, Romania, along with the Russian foreign Minister, Sazonov. On the agenda is the tenuous balance of power in the Balkan’s in recent years, where  Ottomans, Habsurgs, Russians and Italians have been vying for position.

http://cogito.ucdc.ro/n4e/ROMANIA-AND-THE-TRIPLE-ENTENTE.pdf

Extreme Weather: In South West London, England a freak thunderstorm causes death and flooding. Among the dead are three young children sheltering under a lightning struck tree in an area known as “The Frying Pan” on Wandsworth Common.

http://www.ukweatherworld.co.uk/forum/index.php?/topic/44568-blood-red-tempest-south-london-sunday-14th-june-1914/

Arts and Literature: Publisher A.C MClurg of Chicago publishes the first book edition of Edgar Rice Burrough’s “Tarzan of the Apes”

http://www.abebooks.com/book-search/title/tarzan-apes/author/edgar-rice-burroughs/publisher/1914/first-edition/sortby/1/

1st April 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: On the island of Java, in Indonesia – the city of Malang, “a trade centre of agricultural area in which sugar, rice, coffee, tea, corn, peanuts, cassava, and cinchona bark are grown”. Happy Centenary, Malang!

http://www.eastjava.com/tourism/malang/citytour/about-us.html

Society and culture: In the village of Burston, near Diss, in rural Norfolk, England, schoolchildren, supported by their parents, begin what will become (allegedly) the longest strike in history, in protest at the dismissal of their teacher.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/dna/place-lancashire/plain/A6017456

Extreme Weather: In Massachusetts, it rains molasses. (well, it is April 1st, after all).

http://www.dailypress.com/news/dp-nws-molasses-pic,0,6074134.photo