20th March 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Medindie, Adelaide, South Australia – Thomas Currie ‘Diver’ Derrick, posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery against Japanese forces at Sattelburg ridge on the Huon Peninsula, New Guinea in 1943.

http://www.sahistorians.org.au/175/chronology/march/20-march-1914-thomas-diver-derrick-vc.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sattelberg

Ireland: In Curragh, County Kildare, where the British Army has its main base in Ireland, many army officers threaten to resign their posts rather than obey possible imminent orders from the government in London for them to take action against the rebellious paramilitary Ulster Volunteers (the Curragh “incident” or “mutiny”).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curragh_incident

Sport: the Directors of the Arsenal football (soccer) club in London are forced to temporarily close the ground after torrential rain reveals structural problems at the new Highbury ground.

http://www.blog.woolwicharsenal.co.uk/archives/5828

Advertisements

3rd March 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Zaragoza, Spain – Maria Mombiola, Spanish anarchist and member of the Maquis (resistance) against Franco.

~ In India, “”Pandit” Puttaraj Gawai, musician in the classical Hindustani tradition

~ In Brooklyn, New York  – Charlotte Henry, US actress who lost her identity as Alice in Wonderland.

~ In Vejrum, in the northwest corner of Jutland, Denmark – Asger Oluf Jørgensen, political artist, essayist and founding member of the Situationist International.

http://libcom.org/history/mombiola-maria-1914-1999.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puttaraj_Gawai

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Henry

http://www.escapeintolife.com/artist-watch/asjer-jorn/

Extreme weather: In the USA, Philadelphia is buried under 6 to 10 feet of snow.

http://www.phillyhistory.org/blog/index.php/2006/11/the-snow-piled-six-feet-high/

2nd March 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Berlin, Germany – Georgia van der Rohe, dancer, actress and film-maker.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_van_der_Rohe

Arms Race: Submarines AE1 and AE2 depart from Portsmouth, England, on their delivery voyage to sydney, Australia, a journey which will take nearly 3 months.

Mar. 2, 1914: Submarine AE1 departs Portsmouth on her delivery voyage - RAN, courtesy Ronnie Bell.

http://www.submarineinstitute.com/submarines-in-australia/world-war-i.html

Arts & Literature: An anthology of poems “Les Imagistes” is published, including James Joyce’s “I hear an army charging upon the land”.

http://jamesjoyce.ie/day-2-march/

http://www.bartleby.com/103/128.html

Science, technology and agriculture: the movement of all farm animals in and around Cork city is prohibited after the (British) Ministry of Agriculture confirms three outbreaks of foot and mouth disease in County Cork.

http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/articles/foot-and-mouth-outbreak-in-cork

Extreme Weather: The Eastern seaboard of the US is in the grip of a major blizzard.

http://wintercenter.homestead.com/photo1914.html

1st March 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Haden, Queensland – Marjorie May (Madge)  Bratby (later Gormley), nine times Australian buckjumping champion and by 1950 the only woman in the Queensland Wild West Stampede Rodeo.

http://ehive.com/account/3492/object/77972/Marjorie_May_(Madge)_GORMLEY_(nee_Bratby)_b_1st_March_1914_Haden_QLD

Arms Race: The first ever military flight in Australia takes place at Point Cook in Victoria. Happy Centenary, Point Cook Air Base!

http://anzaccentenary.vic.gov.au/events/centenary-military-aviation-air-show/

Extreme Weather:  New York records its lowest ever pressure reading (at that time) – down to 961mb, with 16 inches of snow, 84 mile per hour winds and a temperatures as low as -9 celsius.

http://www.ukweatherworld.co.uk/forum/index.php?/topic/83461-new-york-low-961mb-on-1st-march-1914/

15th December 1913 (Monday)

LAUNCHED TODAY:  At the John Brown shipyard, in Clydebank, Scotland – the British Royal Navy launches HMS Tiger, its most heavily armoured battlecruiser, costing 2.5 million British pounds. Tiger fought at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. she was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1932.

http://www.dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/H.M.S._Tiger_(1913)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Tiger_(1913)

Animal Rights: At Kensington Town Hall in London, author John Galsworthy delivers a speech protesting against cruelty to performing animals.

https://archive.org/details/treatmentofanima00gals

Extreme Weather: The English are busy reflecting on their extremely mild (“unseasonable”) weather. “The heat of the sunshine was hardly less extraordinary for the time of year, and it was possible to sit writing out of doors until the sun had set and it was too dark to see” [The Spectator, 27th December 1913].

http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/27th-december-1913/11/december-weather

11th December 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Silay, Negros Occidental, Philippines – Benjamin C Gaston, Filipino politician.

http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/809/today-in-philippine-history-december-11-1913-benjamin-c-gaston-was-born-in-the-municipality-of-silay

Extreme Cameraderie: In Denver.Colorado, as the local inhabitants dig themselves out of the recent blizzard, the Telluride Journal in San Miguel County runs the headline “Millionaires mingle with laborers to free Denver from clutches of storm”. Meanwhile the “Yampa Leader” in Yampa, Routt County, can only manage “Shovelers clear snow in Denver”

http://www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org/Repository/ml.asp?Ref=VFRKLzE5MTMvMTIvMTEjQXIwMDUxMA%3D%3D&Mode=Gif&Locale=english-skin-custom

http://www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org/Repository/ml.asp?Ref=VFlMLzE5MTMvMTIvMTIjQXIwMDIwNA%3D%3D&Mode=Gif&Locale=english-skin-custom

4th December 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: In Vienna, Austria-Hungary – Robert Adler – son of Max Adler, the sociologist,  and inventor of the world’s first TV remote control, and hero of couch potatoes everywhere. Refugee from the nazis he fled to London before emigrating to the US in 1941, where demand for labour saving TV devices was at its highest…

http://www.nndb.com/people/744/000165249/

~ Also, in Montreal, Canada – Mark Robson, prolific film director whose output included Peyton Place (1957) and Valley of the Dolls (1967), thereby doing his fair share to boost demand for TV remote control devices.

http://www.nndb.com/people/337/000078103/

~ and in Glasgow, Scotland – ISOTOPES.

http://blogs.nature.com/thescepticalchymist/2013/11/isotope-day.html

Women’s suffrage – Courtesy of the UK’s infamous “cat and mouse act”, Mrs Emily Pankhurst finds she is temporarily introduced to the pleasures of Exeter gaol, in the west of England.

http://www.exeterhistorysociety.co.uk/

Society and Culture:

~ The Daily Mail (UK newspaper) reports on the 200th performance of “The Marriage Market” at Daly’s Theatre in London: ” Miss Gertie Millar as a fascinating Western girl finds an ideal partner in the imperturbable Englishman of Mr. G. P. Huntley… Mr. Harry Dearth as the Captain uses his fine voice to excellent effect in a rollicking sailor song, “Here’s good luck to the ladies.”  

http://www.stagebeauty.net/th-frames.html?http&&&www.stagebeauty.net/produce/mmarkt/th-mmarkt.html

~ The Manchester Guardian (newspaper) reports on a recent aristocratic fund raising event at London’s Albert Hall in aid of East End invalid kitchens: “Lady Randolph Churchill plays Empress Theodora in lavish fundraiser”. (aka – rich girls love to dress up).

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2012/dec/04/albert-hall-history-art-fashion-1913

~ Meanwhile, in Russia –  V.I. Lenin publishes his paper: “The Poverty of the People’s Teachers”.  “The Russian state spends hundreds of millions of rubles on the maintenance of its civil service, the police, the army, etc., while dooming teachers in the people’s schools to starvation. The bourgeoisie “sympathises” with public education—with the proviso, however, that the teachers live in worse conditions than the servants in the manor-houses and the houses of the rich….”

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1913/dec/04.htm

Extreme Weather – Georgetown, Colorado, records the highest single day’s (recorded) snowfall in US history – 63 inches (1.6 metres).

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-record-for-the-most-snowfall-in-one-day-in-the-us.htm