30th July 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: In London, England – Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, scion of one of the “Tribes of Galway”, United Kingdom peer from 1927, sixth President of the International Olympic Committee, and much more…



Unaware that Germany is frantically, and belatedly, attempting to persuade Austria to pull back from its aggression towards Serbia…the Russian Tsar, Nicholas II, is reluctantly persuaded that Russia must fully mobilize in response to Austria’s aggression.


Mildred Aldrich, an American Lady watching events from her chosen retirement cottage overlooking the Marne Valley, east of Paris writes to a friend:

“I am sitting here this morning, as I suppose all France is doing, simply holding my breath to see what England is to do. I imagine there is small doubt about it. I don’t see how she can do anything but fight. It is hard to realize that a big war is inevitable, but it looks like it….if it has to come now, just imagine what it is going to mean! It will be the bloodiest affair the world has ever seen – a war in the air, a war under the sea as well as on it, and carried out with the most effective man-slaughtering machines ever used in battle”.


 Fire: In Seattle, the Grand Trunk Pacific Dock, the largest wooden pier structure on America’s west coast is destroyed by a huge fire which leaves 5 dead and 29 injured.






25th June 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Gelsenkirche, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany – Lorenz Marie Hackenholt, “gas chamber expert”.


World Affairs: Archduke Franz-Ferdinand, heir to the thrones of Austria-Hungary, arrives by train in the town of Ilidza, a suburb of Sarajevo, where he is joined by his wife,  Sophie. He will spend the weekend inspecting military manoeuvres while she visits (catholic) churches, schools, charities etc.


Fire: In Massachusetts, the Great Salem fire destroys  1376 buildings, making 20,000 homeless.


Postcard from Salem


Society and Culture:  At Number 8, Second Avenue, in Forest Town, in England’s industrial midlands, Elijah Mottishaw, miner, and his wife Sarah, get a “surprise” visit from George Frederick Ernest Albert Windsor and his wife, Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes, better known as King George V of the United Kingdom and Dominions (and Emperor of India), and his wife, Queen Mary.



5th January 1914 (Monday)


~ In Santander, Spain – German Gomez, Spanish professional footballer

~ In Fairland, Oklahoma – Chuck Bond, American rules footballer in the NFL.

~ location unknown – George Bates, Australian rules footballer in the VFL.




Labour Relations: The Ford Motor Company introduces an eight hour working day and a minimum day’s pay of $5.


Accidents: In Adelaide, South Australia, Fireman Herbert Hedger sustains serious injuries while fighting a fire at a furniture factory, dying of his injuries several days later.