12th April 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY, in Tokyo, Japan – Keiko Fukuda, the highest ranked female judo practitioner in history and until two months ago the sole surviving student of the founder of Judo. At 99 she was still teaching her art in the San Francisco Bay area, where she emigrated after first visiting in the 1950s and 1960s.  She died just two months ago, aged 99 and 10 months.

Obituary:  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/9868578/Keiko-Fukuda.html

World Affairs/ Second Balkan War At a conference in St Petersburg dealing with the outcomes of the First Balkan War, Austria Hungary, Italy and Germany fail to obtain agreement (concessions) from Bulgaria for Rumania over the Silistra region on the Black Sea coast.

Arms Race: In Wellington, New Zealand, the battlecruiser “HMS New Zealand” starts a ten week tour during which around half a million New Zealanders will inspect their gift to the mother country. With 26 guns and 800 crew, the New Zealand will earn a reputation as a a “lucky” ship when it escapes significant damage or casualties at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. Some will attribute this to the Maori kilt and pendant which the captain wears during the battle.

Accidents and disasters: in the Wairarapa district of New Zealand an earthquake shakes the town. Te Hone Ngawhiro is struck by a piece of falling concrete as he flees from a local post office and is killed instantly.

Society and culture: In Britain, the weekly magazine “New Statesman” is founded by Sidney and Beatrice Webb. HAPPY CENTENARY!

Also founded today: The British Ecological Society, the first organisation of its kind in history – founded by 47 people invited by the British Vegetation Committee. HAPPY CENTENARY!

In California, the City of San Marino was incorporated. HAPPY CENTENARY!