6th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Little Willie – the world’s first tank.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-tank-produced

Society and culture: Scotland appoints Ms Emily Miller as its first ever policewoman.

http://www.chrislongmuir.co.uk/index.php/my-blog/35-first-policewoman-in-scotland-100-years-ago

War!

The Balkans: Bulgaria signs a military agreement with Germany agreeing to enter on the side of the Central Powers. In return for sending forces against Serbia and Montenegro (thereby re-opening the unresolved business of the recent Second Balkan War), Bulgaria is promised large parts of Macedonia, a sea port on the Adriatic and territorial concessions in European Turkey. [Burg & Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria%E2%80%93Germany_treaty_(1915)

31st August 1915 (Tuesday)

War!

DIED TODAY: Europe’s first ever parachutist (in 1913), Adolphe Celestin Pegoud – shot down by his former student, Unteroffizier Kandulski.

http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/pegoud.php

BORN TODAY: Hauptmann Adolf Vogt of the German Wehrmacht, Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross .

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Vogt

An update from Cairo:  Intelligence officer T.E. Lawrence writes home to his family:  he has heard that the weather in Britain has been terrible; he sends a request for a book search for him at Blackwell’s bookshop; and, today being his mother’s birthday, he speculates that “For the next one there will probably be peace”. 

http://www.telstudies.org/writings/letters/1915-16/150831_family.shtml

25th August 1915 (Wednesday)

Modern Life: In Exeter, in England’s west country, the local paper reports that 72 year old Mr Charles Steele has been fined 10 shillings at the Police Court for leaving his motor car unattended in Queen street for nearly an hour… thereby causing an obstruction. His plea that he was engaged on important business appears to have made no impression on the local magistrates.  [Western Times].

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

19th August 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Chicago – Ringgold Wilmer Lardner Jr., journalist and screenwriter blacklisted in post-war Hollywood for his un-american activities, who later wrote the screenplay for M*A*S*H.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_Lardner,_Jr.

War!

War at Sea: The German submarine U-24 sinks the White Star Liner, “Arabic”, with the loss of 44 lives. In retaliation the British Royal Navy’s “HMS Baralong” tricks another U-boat, U-27 by flying a US  flag and feigning the rescue of passengers from another British steamer, and then shelling and destroying the submarine. The 12 surviving crew of U-27 take refuge on the steamer they were about to destroy, but are summarily executed by a boarding party from the Baralong. (“the Baralong incident”).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baralong_incidents

12th August 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in South River, New Jersey – Alexander Francis Wojciechowicz, NFL Hall of Famer.

http://www.nndb.com/people/340/000166839/

Urban Life:  in Exeter, England, the Exeter and Plymough Gazette reports that wagonner Arthur Brealy has been fined 7 shillings and sixpence for dangerous driving of his horse and waggon laden with hay (not keeping in to the left side), resulting in a collision with the post-office mail motor van.

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

War!

War from the air: Six civilians die and twenty three are injured in a Zeppelin raid on the town of Woodbridge, near England’s east coast.

http://www.ucs.ac.uk/About/Events/Event-details-page.aspx?id=23807

24th July 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In Uelzen, Germany – Günther Schwägermann – nazi Hauptsturmführer and adjutant to doctor Joseph Goebells.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%BCnther_Schw%C3%A4germann

Accidents and disasters: at the dockside on the Chicago River, the steamship “Eastland”, which is boarding passengers for a Western Electric works outing across Lake Michigan, rolls over and capsizes. 844 passengers and crew are drowned, over 200 of them Czech immigrants.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Eastland

War!

In the Middle East: In Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq)  British forces take the town of Nasiriya from the Turks, and begin to prepare plans for an advance  northward to Baghdad. [Roger Ford: “Eden to Armageddon; World War 1 in the Middle East”]

22nd July 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Calcutta, in British India – Shaista Akhtar Banu Suhrawardy, better known as Begum Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah – Pakistani politician, diplomat and author, and the first muslim and Asian woman to receive a doctorate from the University of London [wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaista_Suhrawardy_Ikramullah

Public Transport: In the City of Exeter, in England, the citizens are “bickering” about the cost of tram fares:

“The discussion at the Exeter City Council meeting on tram fares will have enlightened many people, and at least one journalist in the city. I ventured to suggest, when the matter was under discussion some time ago, that the halfpenny fares, which are the cause so much bickering, should be withdrawn altogether. It was affirmed that this could not done. But it can be, because under Act of Parliament the lowest fare which the Council need accept is one penny. And I am still of the opinion that the wisest and fairest plan all round would be charge the penny. Under the present arrangement there are many who reap mean advantage, and large numbers who should benefit before others are prevented from doing because they have clean, instead of dirty, clothes. The distances which people are carried thoroughly merit a minimum charge one penny. Besides, the trams are a business, and not a charitable, concern, and should yield more profit than they do to the city.”

[Exeter and Plymouth Gazette].

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

18th July 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: to Robert Francis Le Bailly and Ida Gaskell Le Bailly (née Holland) – Vice Admiral Sir Louis Edward Stewart Holland Le Bailly, KBE, CB.  “In retirement he was appointed Director-General of Intelligence at the Ministry of Defence… Later he became vice chairman of the Institute for Study of Conflict, and chairman of the Civil Service Selection Board”. [Wikipedia]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Le_Bailly

World Affairs: US President Woodrow Wilson sends US forces to Haiti in an attempt to prevent Germany or France from taking it over. Haiti controls the Windward Passage to the Panama Canal and is seen as strategically critical. The Haitian government is near insolvency at this time and is significantly in debt to foreign corporations. German companies control almost 80 percent of Haitian trade. US forces will occupy the country until 1934.

http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=haiti_538

War!

War at Sea: the Austrian submarine U4 torpedoes  the Italian armoured cruiser “Guiseppe Garibalidi”. which sinks in 3 minutes.

http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/sunk15.htm

 

4th July 1915 (Sunday)

A shrinking world

Early flight: William E Boeing takes his first ever flight. Or does he?

http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=367

Early motor traffic: The automobile is conquering the mountains of the North-West…

http://digitalcollections.lib.washington.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/kiehl/id/195

Global postal services: … and postcards are bringing the Sphinx to Brisbane.

http://blogs.slq.qld.gov.au/ww1/2014/09/22/winifred-corkling-postcard-album/