6th August, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Budapest in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now the capital of Hungary) to American heiress Gladys Virginia Steuart and her husband, Count Gyula Apponyi de Nagy Appony – “The “White Rose of Hungary”, Countess Géraldine Margit Virginia Olga Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony, who worked as a shorthand typist and shop assistant, and later as Queen Geraldine of the Albanians, the Queen Consort of King Zog I, who reigned from 1928 to 1939.

After more than 60 years of wandering refugee life (including spells at the Ritz and at Ascot), Geraldine was permitted to return to communist Albania in 2002, where she died 5 months later in a military hospital, still insisting that her son, Leka Zogu, was the legitimate King of the Albanians. [Wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geraldine_of_Albania

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22nd June 1915 (Tuesday)

EXPLORATION: Members of Ernest Shackleton’s Antarctic expedition celebrate mid-winter with a dinner on board HMS Endurance.

http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/midwinter-dinner-on-the-endurance-22nd-june-1915-during-the-news-photo/480802147

DIED TODAY: at  Bukovina (now split between Romania and Ukraine) – Ferenc Istvan Dénes Gyula Békássy, Cambridge graduate, Hungarian bi-lingual poet and Imperial Hussar. Killed in action, aged 22.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferenc_B%C3%A9k%C3%A1ssy

War!

Eastern Front: Austro-Hungarian forces recapture the city of Lemberg (Lwow/ Lviv) from the Russians.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1915/06/austro-hungarian-forces-recapture-the-city-of-lemberg-lvov-from-the-russians/

Africa: On the shores of Lake Victoria in German East Africa, the British 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers and others have launched an amphibious attack on Bukoba (“The Battle of Bukoba”) with the objective to destroy the German wireless station.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bukoba

25th March, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:

Tsutomu Sekido, Japanese skier at the 1936  Winter Olympics in Bavaria.

Béla Háray, Hungarian ice-hockey and hockey player at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Bavaria and the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.

1936 was the last year when both Winter and Summer Olympics were held in the same country.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsutomu_Sekido

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9la_H%C3%A1ray

Accidents: Off Honolulu in Hawaii, the US Submarine F-4 sinks while on maneuvres with the loss of its crew of 21 sub-mariners, the first loss of a US submarine while at sea.

http://ussnautilus.org/blog/the-loss-of-uss-f-4-ss-23/

5th July 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Denmark – Gerda Gilboe, actress daughter of a blacksmith father.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerda_Gilboe

~ In Budapest – Annie Fischer, child prodigy pianist.

https://www.posta.hu/static/internet/download/FischerEN.pdf

World Affairs: The German Emperor issues the infamous “blank cheque”, promising his full support for Austria in its efforts to punish and diminish Serbia, whatever the wider complications it might cause across Europe. He urges Austria to “march at once” and expresses confidence that Russia was not ready to go to war.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germany-gives-austria-hungary-blank-check-assurance

Tourism: Middle aged American tourist Rachel Halsey is spending a day and a half  in Venice:

“In the evening, we took a most beautiful gondola ride. The gondolas are very comfortable and the easy way the gondoliers stand and row with one oar is remarkable. Many of the private gondolas are beautiful. Our gondolier sang selections from operas for us. It seemed strange that anyone in such a lowly position should know operas instead of ragtime. The music gondolas decorated with lanterns were numerous and voices good. To lend to the enchantment, the full moon was shining down in all its splendor.

The shops were perfectly entrancing, and before you knew it you could hear yourself saying – I’ll take this, I’ll take that – corals – Roman pearls, scarfs, beads, pictures, Venetian glass, laces etc. Heard a concert in the square the second night. Have forgotten our trip to Lido the little summer resort – about 20 minutes ride from Venice – very pleasant, but not especially interesting. Still water bathing – some of the girls had on men’s bathing suits – no shoes or stockings. Very warm weather and fleas, fleas, fleas! Scratch scratch!” 

http://www.igrin.co.nz/penh/journal.html

19th November 1913 (Wednesday)

OLYMPIANS BORN TODAY:

~ In Vicenza, Italy – Gianni Caldana, athlete

~ In Pavia, Italy – Germana Malabarba, gymnast

~ In Argentina, South America – Jorge Emilio  Brauer – sailor

~ In Budapest, Austria-Hungary – Ferenc Cziraki – handball player

~ In London, England – Alfred Skrobisch, fencer

http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/friv/birthdays.cgi?month=11&day=19

18th November 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Mohacs, Austria-Hungary, on the right bank of the Danube – Endre Rozsda, Hungarian-French painter. Settled in Paris in 1938 but forced to return to Hungary (Budapest) when the Germans occupied Paris. Fled (back to Paris) from communist repression in Hungary in 1956, and finally became a French citizen in 1970.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endre_Rozsda

World Affairs: In Mexico City, the correspondent of the London Times, offers his views on the current state of the revolution, which has been dragging on for three years:

“A sinister impression is abroad that the Federal officers are not trying to suppress the revolution, and that civil war drags on because it is profitable. The root evil in Mexico is official corruption: no ignominy attaches to it, because no official is expected to be anything but corrupt.” [The Spectator]

http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/13th-december-1913/2/the-times-correspondent-writing-from-mexico-city-o