BORN TODAY: in Tokyo – Gozo Shioda, aikido 10th dan.
BORN TODAY: in Japan – Hideo Shimada, graduate of Tohoku Imperial University; Vice-president of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, auditor and Vice President of the Japanese football association; and later President of the JFA from 1992 to 1994; Chairman of the board of the Japan Sports Association; and member of the board of the Japanese Olympic Committee.
The 19th century is slowly passing away
~ RIP Viscount Nabeshima Naoyoshi, 13th and final daimyo of the Kashima Domain, in Hizen Province in the north west corner of the island of Kyushu, in south west Japan.
~ RIP Danish explorer Anders Christian Barclay Raunkiær, traveller to Riyadh and through eastern Arabia.
~ RIP Amédée William Merlaud-Ponty, Governor General of French West Africa.
BORN TODAY: in Central Japan, Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi, the “last Japanese straggler” (soldier) on the jungle island of Guam. In 1944 his regiment was “practically annihilated” by US forces, and in 1955 he was announced officially dead by the Japanese government. He was found alive in January 1972.
“Yokoi’s capture made national headlines and captivated people on Guam and around the world. The army sergeant had survived almost three decades in the hills of the Talofofo River basin until two Chamorro hunters from Talofofo, Manuel D. Garcia, age 36, and Jesus Duenas, age 43, were checking their fish traps around 6:30 p.m. that evening. The hunters noticed a man by the river who, according to their report to the police, they assumed was an individual from their village known for roaming this area. They surprised Yokoi, who charged at them after dropping a homemade net sack containing shrimp traps. Yokoi, already 57 years old at the time, still feared his life was in danger and panicked. According to his nephew Omi Hatashin, Yokoi reached for one of the hunter’s rifles, but in his weakened state, he was no match for the two men. The hunters then subdued Yokoi, and brought him out of the jungle tied and slightly bruised. As he was led through the jungle, the soldier asked to be killed then and there. Treating the straggler with kindness instead, they fed him before they brought him to the commissioner’s (mayor’s) office.” [www.guampedia.com/]
Your country needs you! (even more): The British Government announces that it has lifted its ban on the military recruiting men with bad teeth.
Stiff upper lip: Bruce Bairnsfather’s first published satirical cartoon from the trenches appears in the “Bystander” magazine.
Tsutomu Sekido, Japanese skier at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Bavaria.
Béla Háray, Hungarian ice-hockey and hockey player at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Bavaria and the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
1936 was the last year when both Winter and Summer Olympics were held in the same country.
Accidents: Off Honolulu in Hawaii, the US Submarine F-4 sinks while on maneuvres with the loss of its crew of 21 sub-mariners, the first loss of a US submarine while at sea.
~ in Trikala, Greece – Vassilis Tsitsanis – songwriter and bouzouki player. “One of the leading Greek composers of his time and widely regarded as one of the founders of modern Rebetika” [Wikipedia].
~ Also, in Poznan, Poland – Kazimierz Wichniarz, actor.
War from the air: After dark, two German zeppelins successfully bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn on England’s east coast, returning undamaged to their base near Hamburg [Burg & Purcell].
War at Sea: His (British) Majesty’s submarine E10 sinks in the North Sea.
Asia-Pacific: In what “westerners” call “the Far East”, the Japanese government issues its “twenty-one demands” to the Republican government of China in an attempt to build on its gains in Manchuria and Northern China during the first sino-Japanese war (1894-95) and the Russo-Japanese war (1904-05).
Railway accident: In Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, a train crash kills around 600 people.
(some sources place this event a day or two later).
BORN TODAY: in Japanese occupied Port Arthur in the Kwantung Leased Territory (a territorial concession from the Chinese to Western Powers) on the Liáodōng Peninsula in Manchuria (now Dalian in North East China – voted “China’s most livable city” in 2006) – Saburo Okita, Japanese economist, politician and briefly Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Russia declares war On Turkey, and British and French forces bombard the Turkish forts at the entrance to the Dardanelles. Montenegrin forces bombard the Austro-Hungarian naval base at Cattaro (modern Kotor). The British bombard Aqaba (then a Turkish possession, now in Jordan) on the Red Sea Gulf of Aqaba.
The German navy unsuccessfully raids Great Yarmouth on England’s East coast.
The North Sea: disregarding complaints about International Law, the British government declares the whole of the North Sea a “military area”, and requires all neutral merchant ships in future to put into British ports for inspection and subsequent escort, without any ‘illegal’ cargo bound for Germany. [UK Government archives].
In Armenia, near the foot of Holy Mount Ararat (later successfully annexed by Turkey), Russian forces occupy the town of Bayazid.
Middle East: The 16th Brigade, Indian soldiers who left Bombay on 16th October, arrive at the mouth of the Shatt Al-Arab waterway in (what is now) southern Iraq. [Roger Ford – “Eden to Armageddon: World War 1 in the Middle East”].