9th June 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Waukesha, Wisconsin – Lester William Polsfuss, known to the world as Les Paul. Yes, that Les Paul.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Paul

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1st June 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Glasgow, Scotland – Alastair Stevenson (“Jock) Pearson: baker; parachutist; Lieutenant Colonel, DSO with three bars;  a baker again; then a farmer; Brigadier;  “Aide de Camp”  to the Queen; and finally the (14th) Lord Lieutenant of Dunbartonshire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alastair_Pearson

~ In Enville, Oklahoma – Cyrus Whitfield (“Johnny”) Bond, country musician.

http://www.nndb.com/people/986/000118632/

` In New York City – Emanuel Hirsch Cohen, better known as John Randolph, actor.

http://spartacus-educational.com/USArandolphJ.htm

War!

In Mesopotamia (Iraq), “Townsend’s Regatta”, a mixed flotilla of Allied craft, is chasing the Turkish gunboats Marmaris and Mosul north on the River Tigris. {Burg & Purcell]
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13th May, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Valle de Zaragoza, in the state of Chihuahua – Francisco Avitia Tapia (“El Charro Avitia”), Mexican singer and actor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Avitia

War!

The (British) Home Front: The British government decides to intern all residents who are citizens of military service age from enemy countries  [Burg & Purcell].

http://www.dmu.ac.uk/research/research-faculties-and-institutes/art-design-humanities/history-research-group/internment-during-the-first-world-war-a-mass-global-phenomenon—conference.aspx

War at Sea (the Dardanelles) – in the early hours before daylight, the Turkish destroyer Muavenet-i Milliye  slips through British naval defences off Cape Helles and successfully torpedoes HMS Goliath, which sinks in minutes, drowning 570 of her 700 strong crew.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Goliath_%281898%29

Western Front: The english war poet Julian Grenfell is struck and mortally wounded by a shell-splinter to the head while monitoring enemy troop movements, dying nearly two weeks later.

http://www.warpoets.org/poets/julian-grenfell-1888-1915/

3rd May 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ In Galway, County Galway – Walter Macken, Irish novelist – “Rain on the Wind”.

~ In New York, New York State – Betty Comden, American screenwriter – “Singing in the Rain”.

http://www.galwaycitymuseum.ie/calendar-of-events/

http://www.nndb.com/people/481/000173959/

20th April 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: In Rio de Janeiro – Aurora Miranda da Cunha Richaid, Brazilian entertainer, and sister of Carmen.

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=Aurora+Miranda+da+Cunha+Richaid&biw=992&bih=513&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=Q30yVaLBLsqxygP2kYDYCw&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&dpr=2.5#imgrc=juLuhVPQfVVP4M%253A%3BST7ncRLcj40yHM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fupload.wikimedia.org%252Fwikipedia%252Fcommons%252F5%252F5c%252FAurora_Miranda_Tres_Caballeros.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fen.wikipedia.org%252Fwiki%252FAurora_Miranda%3B480%3B360

War!

Dardanelles: More than 200 ships are now assembled in the harbour at Mudros, Lemnos, in preparation for the British and French invasion of Turkey.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/april-may-1915.html

Turkish Armenia: In Van, in Eastern Turkey, during an incident between Armenian citizens and the Turkish authorities, two Armenians are shot dead, escalating to reprisals, and then to the “siege” of the City by Turkish troops and a corresponding insurgency by Armenian resistance forces.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defense_of_Van_%281915%29#City_under_siege.2C_20_April

The view from Cairo: T.E.Lawrence writes to a colleague about his frustrations and experiences as an Intelligence Officer in Egypt:

“It’s very dull: but of course I haven’t any training as a field officer, and I don’t know that I want to go fighting up to Constantinople. It would be bad form, I think. The only place worth visiting is A [Alexandretta – on the modern Syria/ Turkey border] and they are all afraid of going there, for fear of hurting the feelings of our allies. [ie the French, who have designs on Syria].

“The [Suez] Canal is still holding out, and we are forgetting all about it. Turkey, if she is wise, will raid it from time to time, and annoy the garrison there, which is huge, and lumbersome, and creaks so loudly in the joints that you hear them eight hours before they move…

… I bought you a seal the other day. It’s probably the only one you’ll get from us this year, which is almost its only virtue. One wouldn’t have bought it anywhere else, but in Cairo it was refreshing. For Leeds, I am sending a mediaeval dagger pommel – or piece of horse-trapping – bought in Jerusalem lately.

Poor old Turkey is only hanging together. People always talk of the splendid show she has made lately, but it really is too pitiful for words. Everything about her is very very sick, and almost I think it will be good to make an end of her, though it will be very inconvenient to ourselves. I only hope that Aleppo and Damascus will escape a little the fate that has come upon Cairo. Anything fouler than the town buildings, or its beastly people, can’t be”.

http://www.telstudies.org/writings/letters/1915-16/150420_hogarth.shtml

12th April 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Natchez, Mississippi – Theodore Roosevelt “Hound Dog” Taylor, Chicago Blues guitarist and singer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hound_Dog_Taylor

~ Also the Wauchope railway station on the North Coast line in New South Wales, serving Wauchope, 455 kilometres from (and to) the Central Railway Station in Sydney.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wauchope_railway_station

War!

In the Middle East

~ Twelve thousand Turkish and Arab Troops counter-attack against the Anglo-Indian forces who are holding Shaiba, near Basra. [Burg & Purcell].

http://www.king-emperor.com/Photographs%20-%20Battle%20of%20Shaiba%201915.html

~ French warships bombard Gaza in Palestine, still a part of the Ottoman Empire and a base for Turkish threats to the Allied forces in Egypt.

http://www.cwgc.org/find-a-cemetery/cemetery/71701/GAZA%20WAR%20CEMETERY

11th April 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: Sunil Santha – Sri Lankan composer, singer and lyricist.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunil_Santha

DIED TODAY: In prison in the Netherlands – Serial killer Maria Swanenburg, aged 75, convicted in 1885 of poisoning over 100 people with arsenic between 1880 and 1883, of whom at least 27 died, after starting with her own mother (1880) and shortly after her own father. Her motive – insurance policies. Her punishment – life imprisonment.

http://murderpedia.org/female.S/s/swanenburg-maria.htm

War!

In the Middle East: Turkish forces shell the city of Qurna in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) which has been held by the British since early December 1914. [Burg & Purcell].