13th June 1915 (Sunday)

The 19th century is slowly passing away

DIED TODAY

~ RIP Viscount Nabeshima Naoyoshi, 13th and final daimyo of the Kashima Domain, in Hizen Province in the north west corner of the island of Kyushu, in south west Japan.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabeshima_Naoyoshi

~ RIP Danish explorer Anders Christian Barclay Raunkiær, traveller to Riyadh and through eastern Arabia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barclay_Raunki%C3%A6r

~ RIP Amédée William Merlaud-Ponty, Governor General of French West Africa.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Merlaud-Ponty

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5th February, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Robert Hofstader, Nobel prize winning nuclear physicist.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/hofstadter-facts.html

War!

In the Ottoman Empire: the Philadelphia “Saturday Evening Post” publishes a Turkish proclamation announcing and justifying the deportation of Armenians from the Empire.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Up6V6UFMCqAC&pg=PA641&lpg=PA641&dq=5th+february+1915&source=bl&ots=Um5mFRiG79&sig=TxakTyFs1oZCuc0hypEiGL8RUXU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6c7MVPWhNYTWarbFgMAL&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBTgo#v=onepage&q=5th%20february%201915&f=false

On the Home Front: in London, Lancelot Dickinson Chapman is exposed in the Daily Mirror newspaper under the headline “Bogus VC Hero” after he spent several months “invent[ing] a persona for himself as a battlefield hero” . Later in the month he is sentenced to 10 months hard labour for his deception. [Great War London, blog].

https://greatwarlondon.wordpress.com/2012/05/20/a-fake-hero/

16th August 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Pritchard, Alabama – Alonzo W (“Buddy”) Lucas – harmonica player, tenor saxophonist and vocalist.

discogs.com/artist/258508-Buddy-Lucas

War!

In Belgium, the City of Liege finally falls under full German control as the last fort is destroyed by a direct hit from the new massive Krups artillery.

In Constantinople (Istanbul) Turkey’s government announces that two german warships (Goeben and Breslau which narrowly escaped destruction by the British in the Mediterranean before fleeing though the Dardanelles) have been transferred to the Turkish navy. This effectively gives Turkey control of the Black Sea, which is so important to Russia. Officially, Turkey remains neutral.

Source: Burg and Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”.

1st July 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Tikrit in the Ottoman Empire (now Iraq) – Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr, President of Iraq, 1968-79, and cousin of Saddam Hussein.

http://www.nndb.com/people/738/000134336/

Europe’s “July Crisis”…

Across Europe, diplomats and politicians are consulting and manoeuvering to evaluate the threats and opportunities created by the assassination of the Archduke on Sunday.

“The nations slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war” [David Lloyd George, currently the UK’s Chancellor of the Exchequer; later leader of the wartime coalition government”

 

 

13th June 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: At Ashton under Lyne, Manchester, England – George Currie, Royal Navy Stoker, First Class, serving on HMS Hood at the age of 26 when it was sunk during the Battle of Denmark Strait. He was not one of the three men who survived.

http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/c/CurrieG.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Hood_(51)

World Affairs:

~ Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany is spending the weekend  as the guest of  the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, at the Archduke’s  hunting lodge and country estate in Konopischt, Bohemia, in the Austria- Hungarian Empire (now in the Czech Republic). On the agenda is the tenuous balance of power in the Balkan’s in recent years, where  Ottomans, Habsurgs, Russians and Italians have been vying for position.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kaiser-wilhelm-concludes-meeting-with-archduke-franz-ferdinand

~ in Paris, Jean Raphaël Adrien René Viviani is appointed the 81st Prime Minister of France by its President, Raymond Poincare

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Viviani

Science and technology: The Bulgarian island of  St. Anastasia in the Black Sea is blessed with a new lighhouse, visible from 10 miles.

http://gotoburgas.com/en/places-to-go/view/23

20th May 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY:  in Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire (England) – John ‘Ted’ Edward Dickinson, left-handed cricketer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Dickinson

World Affairs: In Athens, the Ottoman Ambassador to Greece proposes to the Greek Premier Venizelos a “population exhange” whereby the muslim communities of Macedonia (including Salonica – now Thessaloniki) will be “swapped” for the Greek communities  in and around Smyrna (now Izmir) on the Anatolian coast.

http://ceb.revues.org/922

Global oil: The British government and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) sign an agreement for the British Government to become a majority (51%) shareholder in APOC. The agreement gives the British government the right to appoint two directors on the Board who have the power of veto on any questions relating to British national interests. Also on the same day, a contract is signed between APOC and the British Admiralty by which APOC guarantees the supply of oil to the British Admiralty for 30 years at fixed prices.

http://www.iranchamber.com/history/articles/oil_iran_between_world_wars.php

Exploration: In St Petersburg (later Petrograd, then Leningrad, now St Petersburg again) Sergei Fedorovich Oldenburg leaves for his second Russian Turkestan expedition, accomapnied by the  artist V. S. Bikenberg, topographer N. A. Smirnov, photographers Dudian and Romberg, seven Kazakh guards, and a Chinese interpreter. The expediton will take 3 months to reach its final destination  –  the ‘caves of a thousand Buddhas’ at Mogao, near Dunhuang.

http://idp.bl.uk/pages/collections_ru.a4d

Society and culture: In a village south of Lyon in France, Monsieur Falour accepts a wager to eat 50 eggs and a pound of bread at a single sitting. Sadly, he drops dead after the 45th egg.

Men, eh?

http://www.boards.ie/vbulletin/showthread.php?t=2057210782