BORN TODAY: in Sialkot, in British India (now in Pakistan) – Rajinder Singh Bedi, Urdu playwright and later a Hindi film director and screenwriter. “In his memory, the Government of Punjab has started a “Rajinder Singh Bedi Award” in the field of Urdu Literature”. [Wikipedia]
BORN TODAY: in Calcutta, in British India – Shaista Akhtar Banu Suhrawardy, better known as Begum Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah – Pakistani politician, diplomat and author, and the first muslim and Asian woman to receive a doctorate from the University of London [wikipedia].
Public Transport: In the City of Exeter, in England, the citizens are “bickering” about the cost of tram fares:
“The discussion at the Exeter City Council meeting on tram fares will have enlightened many people, and at least one journalist in the city. I ventured to suggest, when the matter was under discussion some time ago, that the halfpenny fares, which are the cause so much bickering, should be withdrawn altogether. It was affirmed that this could not done. But it can be, because under Act of Parliament the lowest fare which the Council need accept is one penny. And I am still of the opinion that the wisest and fairest plan all round would be charge the penny. Under the present arrangement there are many who reap mean advantage, and large numbers who should benefit before others are prevented from doing because they have clean, instead of dirty, clothes. The distances which people are carried thoroughly merit a minimum charge one penny. Besides, the trams are a business, and not a charitable, concern, and should yield more profit than they do to the city.”
[Exeter and Plymouth Gazette].
~ in Kempen in Posen, in Prussia (now Kępno in Poland) – Fritz Gromotka, German Luftwaffe Ace.
~ in Saratoga, Minnesota – Ramon Felipe San Juan Mario Silvio Enrico Smith Heathcourt-Brace Sierra y Alvarez-del Rey y de los Verdes, aka Lester del Rey, writer of science fiction and fantasy and founder of Del Rey books.
~ In Wandsworth, London – William Lionel Murton, English-Canadian character actor.
~ in Quetta in the British Raj (now in Pakistan) – Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench GCMG MC DL, British Army Officer and 24th Governor of Hong Kong.
BORN TODAY: in Brooklyn, NY – Joseph Edward Filipelli, better known as “Flip Phillips” American jazz tenor saxophone and clarinet player.
On the “North West Frontier” of the British Raj, the Indian army is defending Miranshah, on the Tochi River in North Waziristan (now part of Pakistan), from a large force of “insurgents” (Lashkars, from Southern Afghanistan).
~ in Ismailkhel, Bannu, North-West Frontier Province, British India (now Pakistan) – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan from 1988 to 1993.
~ In the village of Blakeney, on England’s north Norfolk coast – Tony Wright, cub-scout, paper boy, shop assistant, delivery boy, post office clerk, sub-postmaster, mussel-man, and sailing club bosun.
~ In Groningen, Netherlands – Johan Fredrik Eykman, a Dutch chemist.
~ in Ontario – Thomas Keefer, a civil engineer.
~ in the Tochi Valley, Waziristan, on the North West Frontier – Eustace Jotham, VC, an English soldier.
~ In Union County, Illinois – Anna Rebecca Scheetz, an American daughter, sister, wife, mother, and grandmother.
BORN TODAY: In Lahore in British India (now in Pakistan) – Munawar Hussain, Pakistani cricket umpire.
In Belgium, three of the forts which have been holding out under sustained shelling from giant German guns surrender.
In St Petersburg, Alfred Kattner – an employee in the German embassy – is killed when an angry Russian mob ransacks and torches the building.
In Istria, Croatia, the steamship “Baron Gautsch”, strikes an underwater mine and sinks near the town of Rovinj, where it now protected by the Croatian authorities and considered to be “among the best known and most attractive diving locations in Europe and in the world“.