23rd September 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Battle Creek, Michigan – John Clark Sheehan, organic chemist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_C._Sheehan

 

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6th September 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Little Willie – the world’s first tank.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-tank-produced

Society and culture: Scotland appoints Ms Emily Miller as its first ever policewoman.

http://www.chrislongmuir.co.uk/index.php/my-blog/35-first-policewoman-in-scotland-100-years-ago

War!

The Balkans: Bulgaria signs a military agreement with Germany agreeing to enter on the side of the Central Powers. In return for sending forces against Serbia and Montenegro (thereby re-opening the unresolved business of the recent Second Balkan War), Bulgaria is promised large parts of Macedonia, a sea port on the Adriatic and territorial concessions in European Turkey. [Burg & Purcell: “Almanac of World War 1”]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria%E2%80%93Germany_treaty_(1915)

26th August 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: In Soave, near Verona – Sandro Ruffo, “one of the preeminent Italian zoologists, the only Museum curator belonging to the “Accademia dei Lincei”, and one of the most important amphipodologists in the world. He was professor of Zoology at Modena University, the director of the Natural History Museum of Verona, and was also presented with a Degree Honoris Causa in Conservation and Management of Natural Resources in 2007.”

http://www.pensoft.net/inc/journals/download.php?fileId=1999&fileTable

22nd August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Brantford, Ontario – James Hiller, co-developer of the electron microscope.

http://www.nndb.com/people/125/000206504/

War!

The (Russian) Home Front: The Tsar takes over supreme command of the army, and leaves St Petersburg in the dangerous hands of the Tsarina and her trusted advisor, Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, a peasant and mystical faith healer.

http://www.johndclare.net/Russ_Rasputin_Figes.htm

The (French) Home Front: in the streets of Paris, young boys and girls play at being soldiers and nurses.

http://www.vintag.es/2015/04/kids-at-war-paris-1915-rare-photographs.html

The (Scottish) Home Front: in Aberdeen, 26,000 pay sixpence each to attend the “Gala and Heather day” in Duthie Park, in support of the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary.

http://www.friendsofduthiepark.co.uk/heather-day-at-duthie-park-a-century-on/

The (Irish) Home Front: In Dublin, at a “Celebration of gaelic and athletic events”, Patrick Pearse addresses the crowd of several thousand on his subject: “The Resurrection of Erin”.

http://www.millstreet.ie/blog/2015/08/19/patrick-pearse-and-his-visit-to-millstreet-on-22nd-aug-1915

10th August 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: In London – Frances Laura Charteris, “a British noblewoman and socialite” [Wikipedia]  who married a Viscount in 1933; an Earl in 1943; an American commoner rumoured to be the illegitimate son of the Duke of York in 1960; and a Duke in 1972.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laura_Spencer-Churchill,_Duchess_of_Marlborough

DIED TODAY: At Gallipoli – Harry Moseley, 27 year old research physicist from the University of Oxford whom “prominent experts have speculated… could have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics  in 1916, had he not been killed. As a consequence, the British government instituted new policies for eligibility for combat duty.” 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Moseley

3rd August 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: Roman Fischer, an Austrian fencer, and  Arthur Birch, an Australian chemist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Fischer

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Birch_(organic_chemist)

War!

On the Italian Front: After 91,000 casualties the Second Battle of Isonzo on the Italian/ Austrian border (now the Soca valley in north west Slovenia) draws to a close because both sides have run out of ammunition, both for small arms and for artillery. [Wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_the_Isonzo

On the (Belgian) Home Front: British nurse Edith Cavell, who has been based in Brussels for many years, is arrested by the German authorities on suspicion of helping British, French and Belgian soldiers and citizens to escape from German occupied Belgium.

http://primaryfacts.com/2780/edith-cavell-facts-and-information/