30th August 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: In Swansea, Wales – Lillian May Davies, fashion model, and later Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland, after her marriage into the Swedish Royal Family in 1976.

http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Princess_Lilian,_Duchess_of_Halland

DIED TODAY:

~ On the Thames Estuary in Purfleet, Essex – 16 cadets and their training officer on His Majesty’s Training Ship “Cornwall” when it is struck by a government tug.

https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/news/museum-and-heritage/marking-great-war-disaster-at-purfleet

~ in Mardin, near (what is now) the Turkish/ Syrian border, Ignatius Abded Mshiho II, the 61 year old Patriarch of Antioch, Head of the Syriac Orthodox Church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignatius_Abded_Mshiho_II

~ At Gallipoli – Brigadier General P.A.Kenna VC DSO, 21st Lancers, 3rd Mounted Brigade and Lewis Leonard Grant, a labourer from Allansford, Victoria, Australia… and many others.

http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/lala_baba_cemetery.htm

https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=116811

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24th July 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In Uelzen, Germany – Günther Schwägermann – nazi Hauptsturmführer and adjutant to doctor Joseph Goebells.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%BCnther_Schw%C3%A4germann

Accidents and disasters: at the dockside on the Chicago River, the steamship “Eastland”, which is boarding passengers for a Western Electric works outing across Lake Michigan, rolls over and capsizes. 844 passengers and crew are drowned, over 200 of them Czech immigrants.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Eastland

War!

In the Middle East: In Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq)  British forces take the town of Nasiriya from the Turks, and begin to prepare plans for an advance  northward to Baghdad. [Roger Ford: “Eden to Armageddon; World War 1 in the Middle East”]

13th January 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Johnstown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania – Dominec Petrore, son of Italian immigrants: Peter Petroro, born 1884 in Abruzzo, and Antonia Saia Petroro, born in Italy in 1886. 

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=93852343

Earthquake: In central Italy, near the city of Aquila, a major earthquake sends tremors as far as Rome. Near the epicentre, especially at the town of Avezzano, around 30,000 people perish.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1915_Avezzano_earthquake

Extreme Weather: In Naples harbour, the cargo ship “Amalia Scotto” is driven against the quayside and sunk by a gale.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_January_1915

25th December 1914 (Friday)

War continues, unabated…

At sea:

Two cargo ships in different parts of the North Sea strike mines and sink. Some are rescued, and some are not so lucky…

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_December_1914

in the air:

At Cuxhaven, at the mouth of the river Elbe in Germany, the British make a ship based air raid on German naval forces (“the Cuxhaven raid”).

“Fog, low cloud and anti-aircraft fire prevented the raid from being a complete success, although several sites were attacked. Nevertheless, the raid demonstrated the feasibility of attack by ship-borne aircraft and showed the strategic importance of this new weapon”. [Wikpedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuxhaven_Raid

And on the land:

On the Western Front, in the district of La Boiselle, there is “sporadic french machine gun fire and two french artillery rounds fired… from Bouillon Wood…[in the evening the 12/180 brigade] fired at a French patrol and a severely wounded prisoner was brought in. Before he died he told his captors that his mission was to determine if the Germans were celebrating and were drunk”

[Ralph Whitehead: “The Other side of the Wire: With the German XIV Reserve Corps on the Somme, September 1914 to June 1916”]. 

11th December 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Michigan, USA – Robert Ayres, actor.

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0044010/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm

War!

War from the air: After some “friendly fire” incidents caused by mis-identification of aircraft, the British RFC (Royal Flying Corp) abandons it practice of marking its planes with the union flag (sometimes mistaken at a distance for an Iron Cross) and adopts instead a distinctive “roundel” symbol.[Museum of Army Flying].

http://www.armyflying.com/union-flag-cut-wing-rfc-plane/

War at Sea: Eight trawler-men from Grimsby on England’s east coast are missing, after their trawler the “Earl Howard” is lost, “presumed to have struck a mine in the North Sea”.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/grimsby.trawlers/loste.htm

Lest we forget (the horses): In Ormskirk, Lancashire (yet) more horses are being loaded into trains, destined ultimately, for the Western Front.

http://www.nrm.org.uk/ourcollection/photo?group=Horwich&objid=1997-7059_HOR_F_1533

Peace:

In the New Zealand general election, 84% of eligible Maori voters exercise their democratic right.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_general_election,_1914

26th November 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Ludvika, Sweden – Birgit Ridderstedt, immigrant to America and Swedish-American folk singer of the 1950s and 1960s.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birgit_Ridderstedt

War!

Shipping Accidents: Off the coast of Sheerness, in England’s Thames estuary, an internal explosion destroys HMS Bulwark, claiming the lives of 738 men.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Bulwark_%281899%29

Society & Culture: In London’s Holloway district, a local resident visits the police station to file a complaint that “while watching a film at the “Rink” [cinema] a couple of nights before, he ‘saw several acts of indecency between males and females occupying seats near where he and his wife were sitting’ ” [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock]

4th November 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Kerala, India – Kambanthodath Kunhan Vishwanatham, Gujarat State Governor from 1973 to 1978.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambanthodath_Vishwanatham

War at sea!

In one of the entrances to Portland Harbour, on England’s south coast, the Royal Navy sink their own (obsolete, decommissioned) vessel “HMS Hood” as a blockship to prevent submarine attacks.

At Govan, on the Clyde (now part of Glasgow) in Scotland, the Royal Navy launches “HMS Valiant”.

In the Atlantic, SMS Karlsruhe explodes (internally) and sinks en route to Barbados.

In the North Sea, the German armored cruiser SMS Yorck strikes a German mine after making a navigational error, and sinks quickly with heavy losses.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Hood_(1891)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Valiant_(1914)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Karlsruhe

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Yorck