1st July 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: 

~ in Gradel’s restaurant, in Whitechapel, in the heart of London’s East End – The Ben Uri Gallery.

http://www.benuri.org.uk/public/?history-of-ben-uri

~ In Australia – the Commonwealth Lighthouse Service, now operating as Lighthouses of Australia Inc, providing “an extensive network of aids to navigation around the coastline… comprising nearly 490 aids at approximately 380 sites” 

http://www.lighthouses.org.au/lights/index.asp

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30th June 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in five schools in north east Surrey and (what is now) south west London –  the Croydon War Hospital, under the command of Colonel Morris and  staffed by 80 nurses, “many of whom were members of the local Voluntary Aid Detachments.  (However, at one time, the entire nursing staff consisted of nurses from Australia.) “

http://ezitis.myzen.co.uk/croydonwar.html

War!

War at Sea: off the coast of Kent, the British destroyer HMS Lightning strikes a mine, which splits it in  half, sending its bow section and 15 of its crew to a watery grave.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Lightning_(1895)

Gallipoli: Australian soldiers, pinned to their positions for many weeks since the initial Gallipoli landing, are praying for rain. Herbert Reynolds records in his diary: “At about 9pm a thunder storm passed over but we got very little rain, a good fall of rain now would be welcome as we are depending on the water from the boats for our supply, the holes in the gullies are all dry and there is no water other than that in our vicinity except salt sea water.”

https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2010/06/30/wednesday-30th-june-1915-diary-of-hv-reynolds/

Turkish Armenia: In the city of Tarsus in the south east of Turkey, a foreign resident confides in a diary: “Half the town want to ‘store’ things here, to be ours if they [ie – Armenian deportees] never return; rugs, coppers, etc.—but we may be blown up, who knows?”

http://www.armeniansgenocide.am/images/menus/162/451-462.pdf

21st June 1915 (Monday)

Midsummer on the home front…

On the English home front: at Maidstone barracks, in Kent, a concert raises funds for wounded servicemen.

http://www.kent.gov.uk/about-the-council/campaigns-and-events/kent-and-medway-in-the-first-world-war

On the Scottish home front: the SS Carisbrook, a British merchant steamer carrying wheat from Montreal, Canada, to Leith in Scotland, is captured and sunk by German submarine U-38 off the north east coast of Scotland.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?13412

On the Alsatian home front: the town of Metzeral in Alsace (formerly and more recently in France) is destroyed at the end of six days of intense fighting.

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=228886

6th June 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: Brebis Bleaney, CBE (Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) FRS (Fellow of the Royal Society), British physicist specialising in the use of microwaves to study the magnetic properties of solids.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brebis_Bleaney

War!

Miracles and second thoughts:

When Zeppelin LZ-37 is attacked and destroyed by a British fighter plane eight crew members perish in the flames, but a ninth crew member throws himself overboard as the vessel is crashing above a convent in Ghent and falls into a bed,where he survives. [Burg & Purcell].

Meanwhile the government in Berlin orders U-boat commanders not to torpedo large passenger ships. [Burg & Purcell].

 

13th May, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Valle de Zaragoza, in the state of Chihuahua – Francisco Avitia Tapia (“El Charro Avitia”), Mexican singer and actor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Avitia

War!

The (British) Home Front: The British government decides to intern all residents who are citizens of military service age from enemy countries  [Burg & Purcell].

http://www.dmu.ac.uk/research/research-faculties-and-institutes/art-design-humanities/history-research-group/internment-during-the-first-world-war-a-mass-global-phenomenon—conference.aspx

War at Sea (the Dardanelles) – in the early hours before daylight, the Turkish destroyer Muavenet-i Milliye  slips through British naval defences off Cape Helles and successfully torpedoes HMS Goliath, which sinks in minutes, drowning 570 of her 700 strong crew.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Goliath_%281898%29

Western Front: The english war poet Julian Grenfell is struck and mortally wounded by a shell-splinter to the head while monitoring enemy troop movements, dying nearly two weeks later.

http://www.warpoets.org/poets/julian-grenfell-1888-1915/

7th May, 1915 (Friday)

War!

War at Sea: Fifteen miles from the Irish coast, a German submarine torpedoes the passenger Liner, Lusitania, sending nearly 1200 passengers and crew to a watery grave, including 128 from the USA, still a neutral country.

http://www.rte.ie/news/player/2015/0503/20773263-centenary-of-sinking-of-lusitania-marked-in-courtmacsherry/

 

1st May 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In England, Laura Maud Dillon: President of the Oxford University Women’s Boat Club, graduate of St Anne’s (women’s) College, Oxford; later Laurence Michael Dillon, a Medical student at Trinity College Dublin, and officially a graduate of Brasenose (men’s) College, Oxford, after a difficult gender journey including a double masectomy and the world’s first transgender phalloplasty. (In 1946) the author of Self: A Study in Endocrinology and Ethics; and later still a Buddhist monk in Ladakh in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, after a scandal caused by Debretts Peerage and Burke’s Peerage listing him inconsistently in gender terms. [Wikipedia]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Dillon

Society and Culture: the RMS [Royal Mail Steamship] Lusitania, nicknamed the “Greyhound of the Seas”, leaves New York bound for for Liverpool, carrying  1,266 passengers and 696 crew, a total of nearly 2000 souls.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Lusitania

War!

The (Italian) Home Front – Sidney Costantino Sonnino, the Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs, calls on the Italian cabinet to repudiate the Triple Alliance (with Germany and Austria-Hungary) so that Italy can negotiate an agreement (secretly, already agreed) with the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Britain). [ Mark Thompson: “The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919”].