10th September, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Edmond O’Brien, actor.

http://www.nndb.com/people/620/000042494/

Local journalism, 100 years ago today:  in England, the Western Times provides its readers with an update:

“Cycle accident     – On enquiry at the Royal Devon and Hospital last evening we were informed that the youth, Albert Madge, who met with a  serious accident on Wednesday through colliding, while cycling, with a taxi-cab in Queen-street, Exeter, had passed  a comfortable day.”

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

War!

Crime and punishment: At the Tower of London, at 6.00AM, Ernst Waldemar Melin, a Swedish national, is executed by firing squad for the crime of spying on behalf of the German government.

http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/ernst_melin.htm

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30th August 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: In Swansea, Wales – Lillian May Davies, fashion model, and later Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland, after her marriage into the Swedish Royal Family in 1976.

http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Princess_Lilian,_Duchess_of_Halland

DIED TODAY:

~ On the Thames Estuary in Purfleet, Essex – 16 cadets and their training officer on His Majesty’s Training Ship “Cornwall” when it is struck by a government tug.

https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/news/museum-and-heritage/marking-great-war-disaster-at-purfleet

~ in Mardin, near (what is now) the Turkish/ Syrian border, Ignatius Abded Mshiho II, the 61 year old Patriarch of Antioch, Head of the Syriac Orthodox Church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignatius_Abded_Mshiho_II

~ At Gallipoli – Brigadier General P.A.Kenna VC DSO, 21st Lancers, 3rd Mounted Brigade and Lewis Leonard Grant, a labourer from Allansford, Victoria, Australia… and many others.

http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/lala_baba_cemetery.htm

https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=116811

26th November 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Ludvika, Sweden – Birgit Ridderstedt, immigrant to America and Swedish-American folk singer of the 1950s and 1960s.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birgit_Ridderstedt

War!

Shipping Accidents: Off the coast of Sheerness, in England’s Thames estuary, an internal explosion destroys HMS Bulwark, claiming the lives of 738 men.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Bulwark_%281899%29

Society & Culture: In London’s Holloway district, a local resident visits the police station to file a complaint that “while watching a film at the “Rink” [cinema] a couple of nights before, he ‘saw several acts of indecency between males and females occupying seats near where he and his wife were sitting’ ” [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock]

17th September 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – William Grut, Swedish pentathlete and Olympic champion at the 1948 Olympics in London.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Grut

War!

Western Front: as the Allies (France and Britain) and the Germans try to outflank each other’s armies by moving north after the Battle of the Frontiers, they progressively push the conflict towards the sea: the so called “Race to the Sea” which will end in stalemate on 19th October.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_to_the_Sea

Accidents: HMS Fisgard II founders near Portland,  off England’s south coast, with the loss of 17 men.

http://www.devonheritage.org/Places/DevonCounty/CasualtiesofthesinkingofHMSFisgardIIformerlyHMSInvincible.htm

Peace:

Transportation:  In the USA, “Automobile” magazine previews the “Eight-Cylinder Motor for 1915 …  [as] Cadillac Introduces French Motor Design”.

http://cadillacdatabase.com/Dbas_txt/Phocad15.htm

20th August 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm, Sweden –  Sven “Svenne Berka” Bergqvist, “bandy, ice-hockey and football player” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sven_Bergqvist

War!

Eastern Front: German forces attack Russians at the Battle of Gumbinnen in East Prussia, but are repulsed and driven back with heavy losses.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gumbinnen

Balkan Front:  Towards the conclusion of the Battle of Jadar, also known as the Battle of Cer,  the Austro-Hungarian 5th army is forced back into Austro-Hungarian Bosnia Herzegovina by Serbian troops. “Many Austro-Hungarian soldiers drown in the water [of the Driva River] as they flee in panic”. [Misha Glenny: “The Balkans”, quoted on Wikipedia].

Western Front: German troops occupy Brussels in great numbers.

[Peter Chassaud: “Mapping the First World War”]

Peace:

In The Vatican City at Rome, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, better known as Pope Pius X, dies, after living in poor health following a heart attack in 1913.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_X