28th June 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Ted Besford, Australian rules footballer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Besford

War!

One cataclysmic year has passed since the assassination in Sarajevo…

 

Gallipoli: “219 men and officers of the 4th Royal Scots were killed [today] in the attack on Gully Ravine, [including] … Captain John Robertson, commanding officer of the Bankers’ Company and manager of National Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Blenheim Place branch. His Second Lieutenant, Charles Paterson  of the Royal Bank’s head office, was also dead. Among the fallen men were Private Ernest Bailey  of Commercial Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Newington branch; Private Smollett Clerk of National Bank of Scotland’s Edinburgh Leith Walk branch; Private Robert Brockie  of the Royal Bank’s Edinburgh Leven Street branch; and Private Charles Johnston  of the Royal Bank’s Perth branch.” [“The Bankers’ Company at Gallipoli“, from the RBS Remembers website].

http://www.rbsremembers.com/our-people/on-active-service/bankers-company-gallipoli.html

14th June 1915 (Monday)

War!

Gallipoli: Australian soldier Herbert Reynolds from Victoria records in his diary one of war’s quieter days, for him at least:

“A T.B.Destroyer went in close to Kaba Tepe this morning and shelled the enemy tranches from a while, she returned again this afternoon and shelled the enemy away inland, on this occasion the enemy fired at her with their field gun from behind Kaba Tepe but did not succeed in hitting her. I managed to buy 3 tins of milk one shilling each from some sailors on the beach, we get very little here other than our rations which are bully beef, biscuits, cheese and bacon, so anything is very welcome as change. The sea has been rather rough today. At about 11pm some of us sat and watched heavy action down at Cape Helles from the top of the ridge above our camp, the flash of guns and explosion of the shells proved that the artillery on both sides was very heavily engaged and the start shells and flares illuminated the whole ridge from Achi Baba to the Cape”. 

[Australian War Memorial blog – the diary of H.V. Reynolds]

https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2010/06/14/monday-14th-june-1915-diary-of-hv-reynolds/

Peace

Strike! The Chicago Livestock World (“The world’s greatest farm newspaper”) reports the “Street Car Men on Strike”

“The general strike order for all union employes of the surface and elevated railway lines in Chicago became effective at I2 o’clock last night.  Since 4 o’clock this morning not a wheel has turned on the 1200 miles of elevated and surface tracks within the city limits. The decision to make the strike order effective was reached shortly before midnight after a day spent by the officers of the unions and officials of the railway companies ln a vain exchange of notes and parleys looking to arbitration. Half a million men and women, upon business bent, found themselves without their usual means of transportation this morning.”

http://idnc.library.illinois.edu/cgi-bin/illinois?a=d&d=CLW19150614.2.24

4th June, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Bamako, capital of the colony of French Sudan (now Mali) – Modibo Keïta, the first President of independent Mali, 1960-1968.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modibo_Ke%C3%AFta

War!

Gallipoli: At the Third Battle of Krithia, the Allies once again fail to make any significant advance against the Turkish defenders.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Battle_of_Krithia

http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/krithia3.htm

On the Western Front: Private Oliver W. Hodgetts (8662) 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, having recently been found guilty of cowardice, is shot by firing squad at dawn. Private Hodgetts is 20 years old.

http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/shot_at_dawn

On the (English) Home Front: in Kent, the Dover Express reports how the local golf club is enjoying great popularity with Military Officers, who are however having to “make do” with girl caddies because so many young men are away fighting the war.

http://catalogue.stmargaretshistory.org.uk/items/show/2064

1st June 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Glasgow, Scotland – Alastair Stevenson (“Jock) Pearson: baker; parachutist; Lieutenant Colonel, DSO with three bars;  a baker again; then a farmer; Brigadier;  “Aide de Camp”  to the Queen; and finally the (14th) Lord Lieutenant of Dunbartonshire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alastair_Pearson

~ In Enville, Oklahoma – Cyrus Whitfield (“Johnny”) Bond, country musician.

http://www.nndb.com/people/986/000118632/

` In New York City – Emanuel Hirsch Cohen, better known as John Randolph, actor.

http://spartacus-educational.com/USArandolphJ.htm

War!

In Mesopotamia (Iraq), “Townsend’s Regatta”, a mixed flotilla of Allied craft, is chasing the Turkish gunboats Marmaris and Mosul north on the River Tigris. {Burg & Purcell]
.

31st May 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Canberra – Judith Wright, poet, environmentalist and campaigner for aboriginal land rights.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judith_Wright

War!

In Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq, allegedly) – British and Indian troops are pushing back the Turks as the Allied forces advance northward in an amphibious operation on the River Tigris. [Burg & Purcell]

On the Austrian Isonzo river in the Julian alps (now the Soca River in Slovenia), Italian forces are attempting to push back Austrian troops and to advance eastward into the province of Carnolia (northern Slovenia). [Burg & Purcell]

25th May 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in New South Wales – Taree golf club.

~ In Derbyshire – George William Lowe, English cricketer.

http://tareerslandgolf.com.au/celebrating-100-years-of-taree-golf-club-1915-2015/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Lowe_%28cricketer,_born_1915%29

 

World Affairs: In the Treaty of Kyakhta, Russia and China recognise the autonomy of Outer Mongolia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kyakhta_%281915%29

War!

In the Dardanelles: 78 men drown when HMS Triumph is torpedoed by the German U-boat, U21.

http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/sunk15.htm

24th May 1915 (Monday)

Turkey’s war!

Gallipoli: a brief truce is arranged between the warring nations so that the thousands of dead on both sides can be buried.

http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/pt/digitalnz/record/1206500

http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/34113/gallipoli-armistice

Anatolian atrocities: In response to growing tales of forced marches and massacres of Armenians in Anatolia by the Turkish government, the foreign ministers of the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Britain) issue a proclamation vowing that Young Turk (party) leadership would be held responsible for “these new crimes of Turkey against humanity and civilization”.  In response, the Turkish cabinet three days later approves the “Provisional Law of Relocation” by which the army is “authorised and compelled to crush in the most severe way any sign of resistance or aggression among the population… including to transfer and relocate the populations of villages and towns, either individually or collectively in response to military needs or…any signs of treachery or betrayal”  

“By best estimate, some 800,000 of the Armenian deportees were to perish – starved, shot, or beaten to death – en route [to the] “barren reaches of northern Syria”.

[Scott Anderson: “Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East”]

http://www.armenian-genocide.org/Affirmation.160/current_category.7/affirmation_detail.html