21st November 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Hanoi, in French Indochina (now Vietnam) – Henri Laborit, neurosurgeon and award winning medical researcher. “He pioneered the use of dopamine antagonists to reduce shock in injured soldiers”. [Wikipedia]



Caring for the wounded:

~ In Brighton, on England’s south coast, the local mayor receives a visit from Colonel Sir Walter Lawrence with a request from King George V for the use of the famous Royal Pavilion (a relic of an earlier King George) as a military hospital for the wounded Indian soldiers arriving from France. Agreement is reached immediately, and planning begins for the late eighteenth century palace to be converted to receive and care for Hindu, Muslim and Sikh soldiers.


~ In Brisbane on Australia,’s east coast the 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH) unit, formed in Queensland in August, embarks on the vessel Kyarra, bound -in two separate teams – for Cairo, Egypt, and for Rouen in France.


16th June 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Berwick-upon Tweed, near the English/Scottish border – Austen Young, ear, nose and throat specialist, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, and “inveterate golfer”.


World Affairs: In Mandalay, Burma – Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian Nationalist (“The Father of Indian Unrest”) is released from prison after serving a six year sentence, including transportation from his home state of Maharashtra, imposed by the British authorities for sedition.



Society and Culture: “Teddy” Roosevelt, big game hunter, explorer and ex-US President, visits the Natural History Museum in London, England.


Music and entertainment: Thirteen year old Louis Daniel Armstrong is released from Reform School after serving a sentence of nearly 18 months for a fire-arms offence on New Year’s Eve, 1912. While in Reform School he has learned to play cornet and bugle in the school band.