10th September, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Edmond O’Brien, actor.

http://www.nndb.com/people/620/000042494/

Local journalism, 100 years ago today:  in England, the Western Times provides its readers with an update:

“Cycle accident     – On enquiry at the Royal Devon and Hospital last evening we were informed that the youth, Albert Madge, who met with a  serious accident on Wednesday through colliding, while cycling, with a taxi-cab in Queen-street, Exeter, had passed  a comfortable day.”

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

War!

Crime and punishment: At the Tower of London, at 6.00AM, Ernst Waldemar Melin, a Swedish national, is executed by firing squad for the crime of spying on behalf of the German government.

http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/ernst_melin.htm

30th August 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: In Swansea, Wales – Lillian May Davies, fashion model, and later Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland, after her marriage into the Swedish Royal Family in 1976.

http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Princess_Lilian,_Duchess_of_Halland

DIED TODAY:

~ On the Thames Estuary in Purfleet, Essex – 16 cadets and their training officer on His Majesty’s Training Ship “Cornwall” when it is struck by a government tug.

https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/news/museum-and-heritage/marking-great-war-disaster-at-purfleet

~ in Mardin, near (what is now) the Turkish/ Syrian border, Ignatius Abded Mshiho II, the 61 year old Patriarch of Antioch, Head of the Syriac Orthodox Church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignatius_Abded_Mshiho_II

~ At Gallipoli – Brigadier General P.A.Kenna VC DSO, 21st Lancers, 3rd Mounted Brigade and Lewis Leonard Grant, a labourer from Allansford, Victoria, Australia… and many others.

http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/lala_baba_cemetery.htm

https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=116811

15th August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson (later, Signe Hasso) Swedish born American actress.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signe_Hasso

Society and Culture: at St Mary Magdalene Parish church in Old Milton, Hampshire, in southern England, Ethel Henrietta Florence Burton (25) marries Frank Rex (“Jimmy”) Fletcher (25).

http://www.ciaofamiglia.com/frfletcher/fletchphotos/Frank_Edward_Fletcher_Family/fletcher_wedding_1915/FR_&_Ethel_marry_1915.htm

Leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a Sunday afternoon outing in the country (after church) with friends in their  “lovely Humber car… Maud [his fiance]wore a bewitching black veil tied over a soft hat + her black furs + when she nestled down into the billowy soft cushions + was tucked in with a nice fur rug, she looked like a sweetest little adorable duchess one could imagine.”

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Topic/5093

War!

Gallipoli: In response to the continuing failures of allied attacks on the Turkish at Suvla Bay, the British Secretary of War (Kitchener) dismisses the General in charge. Several more senior military men are either dismissed or voluntarily resign, an option sadly not available to the long suffering and frequently dying troops.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Suvla_Bay

 On the (British) Home Front: Under the recent National Registration Act, all UK citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 are required today to register as at the their current residential address.

https://derbyscheme.wordpress.com/2013/01/19/national-registration-act-1915/

26th November 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Ludvika, Sweden – Birgit Ridderstedt, immigrant to America and Swedish-American folk singer of the 1950s and 1960s.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birgit_Ridderstedt

War!

Shipping Accidents: Off the coast of Sheerness, in England’s Thames estuary, an internal explosion destroys HMS Bulwark, claiming the lives of 738 men.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Bulwark_%281899%29

Society & Culture: In London’s Holloway district, a local resident visits the police station to file a complaint that “while watching a film at the “Rink” [cinema] a couple of nights before, he ‘saw several acts of indecency between males and females occupying seats near where he and his wife were sitting’ ” [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock]

17th September 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – William Grut, Swedish pentathlete and Olympic champion at the 1948 Olympics in London.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Grut

War!

Western Front: as the Allies (France and Britain) and the Germans try to outflank each other’s armies by moving north after the Battle of the Frontiers, they progressively push the conflict towards the sea: the so called “Race to the Sea” which will end in stalemate on 19th October.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_to_the_Sea

Accidents: HMS Fisgard II founders near Portland,  off England’s south coast, with the loss of 17 men.

http://www.devonheritage.org/Places/DevonCounty/CasualtiesofthesinkingofHMSFisgardIIformerlyHMSInvincible.htm

Peace:

Transportation:  In the USA, “Automobile” magazine previews the “Eight-Cylinder Motor for 1915 …  [as] Cadillac Introduces French Motor Design”.

http://cadillacdatabase.com/Dbas_txt/Phocad15.htm