23rd September 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Kampung Sultan Lama – Al-Marhum Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Maulana Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Saadul Khairi Waddien Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, better known  ~ for the sake of time management ~ as Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III of Brunei.




At the Sunshine Harvester Works in South Australia, the factory is busy making its contribution to the Australian war effort, as reported today in the Melbourne “Argus”:

Over a four week period, the factory produced 200 wagons, 23 ambulances and 150 water carts for the Australian Expeditionary Forces. Additional axles were created at Sunshine Harvester Works when those ordered from Sydney and Adelaide were insufficient. This was the first time that the factory had produced wagons. Proud of this achievement, McKay exhibited a sample wagon and water cart at the Melbourne Showgrounds in September 1914. The Argus praised the quality of the machinery produced by the factory. The ambulances were described as being ‘very elaborate’ as they were ‘fitted with all conveniences in the way of medical appliances’, while the water carts could carry 150 gallons. Similarly, the general service wagons were ‘sturdily built’ and included updated features such as two brakes and ‘special swingletrees encased in steel’ [museumvictoria.com.au]



In the US, the early film industry releases “Ireland, a Nation”  [quote] – “The story of Ireland and her fight for Home Rule, as seen through the experiences of Father Tom Murphy, a patriot with a price on his head, and the famous Irish leader Robert Emmet.”




4th June 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: At the Palace in Brunei town, in the Sultanate of Brunei – Ahmad Tajuddin Ahazul Khairi Waddien ibni Almarhum Sultan Mohammad Jamalul Alam II,  the 27th Sultan of Brunei from the age of 11 until his death in a Singapore Hospital on the day before his 37th birthday – 3rd June 1950.

Women’s suffrage:  Emily Wilding Davison throws herself in front of the King’s Horse at the (UK) Epsom Derby. She dies four days later, never having regained consciousness.

Arms Race: The German Imperial Navy launches the battleship SMS Markgraf.

Sport: at the Isle of Man TT (motorcycle) race, a record 147 contestants compete. Hugh Mason wins the 7 lap senior (500cc) event at an average of 48 miles per hour. Frank Bateman becomes the race’s first ever fatal crash victim.