19th April 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY, probably in Bombay (now Mumbai) – Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 7th Baronet of Bombay, a title first bestowed (on the first Baronet, also Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy) in 1857, and then to each of the intermediate five – all known as Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. in 1915 the Imperial Legislative Council (the legislature for India during the British Raj) passed the Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy Baronetcy Act to ensure that all successors will take this name and no other. The 7th Baronet (Sir James Jejeebhoy) died in 2006 and the eight Baronet (you guessed it) is now 55 years old. His heir apparent is Jehangir Jejeebhoy. There is no indication that the Jejeebhoys are related to Jehangir Cowasji Jehangir Readymoney (1853-1934), another famous member of the Bombay Parsi community, who makes an appearance here solely on the basis of his splendid name.

World Affairs: Montenegro refuses to participate in an armistice which is signed between Bulgaria/ Serbia and Turkey.

Society, Empire and Culture: in the Spanish zone (protectorate) of Morocco, Mulay al-Mahdi bin Isma’il bin Muhammad is appointed as “Jalifato” (Sultan’s representative).

Sport: At London’s Crystal Palace, Aston Villa beat Sunderland 1-0 in the 42nd FA Cup Final.

Accidents: In Paris, Isadora Duncan’s two children and their nanny drown after the car they are in plunges into the River Seine. After stalling the engine, the driver forgets to apply the handbrake before hand-cranking the engine.

11th April 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY, in Paris, France – Oleg Cassini (Loiewski), fashion designer who dated Grace Kelly, Betty Grable, Lana Turner and Ursula Andress, and married Gene Tierney, but not necessarily in that order.

World Affairs: Nathaniel Griffith Lerotholi becomes paramount chief of Basutoland (a British Colony – Lesotho since independence in 1966).

Human Rights: The US Postmaster General proposes the segregation of black and white employees in the US postal service, and is unopposed, leading to active segregation of bathrooms and lunchrooms for employees later in the year.

The S.S Sutlej arrives in Fiji carrying 808 indentured Indian labourers destined to work in the plantations.

Women’s Suffrage: A cricket pavilion at the Tunbridge Wells cricket ground in England is burnt to the ground. The suffragettes leave their calling card – including a photograph of Mrs Pankhurst.


Society and Culture: In Marietta, Ohio, US, where martial law is still in place following the recent flooding, colonel John Patterson, President of the National Cash Register Company and a recent visitor as part of the Ohio (flood) relief commission, advocates diverting the Muskingum river to avoid Marietta and reduce the risk of future flooding.

At the old Parliament Building in Budapest, Abdu’l-Bahá, founder of the Baha’i faith, speaks to an audience of over 1000 listeners.

In Clanfield, Oxfordshire, UK, Frederick Whipp, 96 old former agricultural worker,  is buried in the local churchyard. He died recently in the Witney Union  workhouse in Curbridge.

Migration: At Mosman, in Sydney Australia, Gracius Joseph Broinowski dies, aged 76. Born in Poland in 1837 he studied at Munich University before leaving for Australia on a “windjammer” in 1857. He married the daughter of a whaling captain in 1863 and settled in Sydney around 1880, becoming famous for his illustrated works on Australian ornithology.

25th February 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY, in Cuyahoga, Ohio – Jim (James Gilmore) Backus, the voice of Mr Magoo, voted the “29th greatest cartoon character of all time” in 2002.

World Affairs: Enrique Varela, Prime Minister of Peru, resigns.

Arms Race: The German U Boat SM-U38 is laid down by Germainwerft in Kiel. It will eventually become the third most successful u-boat operating during World War I, sinking 138 ships (300,000 tons in total).

Accidents & disasters: In New Kensington, Pennsylvania, USA, a huge explosion at the Valley Camp Mine kills two, injures two others and leaves rescue workers unclear how many miners are trapped behind a “wall of flame” underground. A rescue party later in the day narrowly escapes death itself after a second explosion.

Women’s suffrage: The UK Home Office (Government ministry) reports that Lilian Lenton (aka Ida Inkley) who was arrested a few days ago and charged with an arson attack has been discharged from prison in response to her hunger strike after “her condition became so serious that…her life would have been in immediate danger if forcible feeding had been continued or if she had been allowed to remain longer without food”.

Meanwhile in the Eastern US, the second suffrage hike from New York City to Washington continues through its 13th day.

Society & culture: Horatio Nelson, 3rd Earl Nelson, dies aged 89. His father, Thomas Bolton, was the nephew of THE Nelson, “1st Viscount Nelson”. Mr Bolton inherited the title “Earl Nelson” in 1835, which prompted him to change his surname to “Nelson”. Since his father’s death the 3rd Earl had lived in “Trafalgar House” in Wiltshire, which had been known as Standlynch since the time of the Doomsday Book (11th century) but was renamed Trafalgar by Act of Parliament in honor of the original Nelson, in 1814, twelve years after his death.


23rd February 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY, in Ashekpur, Tangail District, Bengal, India (now part of Bangladesh) – Protul Chandra Sorcar, Indian magician and presenter of the Indrajal show, live and on Television.

Law and Order: In Clarendon County, South Carolina, Marion Cantri is lynched for the crime of assault.

Joseph Stalin is arrested by the Russian secret police as he arrives in Petrograd for the International Women’s Day. He is imprisoned for four years, and will be released in 4 years time, shortly before the Russian Revolution.

Society and Culture: Meanwhile Tsar Nicholas II and his family attend a lavish Gala ball at the “Assembly of Nobles” (now the Philharmonic Hall) in St Petersburg.

Second Balkan War (prelude): Romania agrees to an arbitration over its disputed boundary with Bulgaria


7th February 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Barcelona, Spain – Ramon Mercader, Spanish communist and Soviet Agent who murdered Leon Trotsky in Mexico in 1940. Mercader served 20 years in a Mexican prison, was awarded the Order of Lenin by Joseph Stalin, made a hero of the Soviet Union in 1961 and died in Cuba in 1978.

Accidents & disasters: At the Rufford Colliery Nr Mansfield, Nottinghamshire (UK), a water barrel weighing over 5 tons and being used to remove excess water falls down the mine shaft killing 14 men and injuring 4 others.

Meanwhile at the Lanarkshire Colliery in Scotland, an accumulation of gas causes an explosion killing a mine worker and overcoming members ot the rescue party with noxious fumes.

Labour relations: in the Coal Mine Wars of West Virginia, USA, a shooting incident between striking workers and mine guards provokes a strong response from the mine authorities and guards, who use an armored train in an attempt to arrest strikers for “inciting a riot”.  In the resulting confrontation strikers are shot dead by gun-fire from the “Bull Moose Special” armored train.

Society and Culture: Boston Opera Company star baritone Vanni Marcoux is so busy taking his bows to rapturous applause at the end of his performance that he is struck by heavy descending stage curtain and hospitalized with concussion.

Wilfred Owen, WW1 soldier and poet, relinquishes his position as Lay Assistant to the Reverend Wigan of Dunsden Parish, near Reading (UK) after physical and mental breakdown.

30th January 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY, in Buckinghamshire, England – Percy Thrower, gardener, “Dig for Victory” campaigner, and broadcaster.

Ireland: The UK House of Lords rejects the Home Rule for Ireland Bill.

First Balkan War: Hazan Riza Pasha, the 41 year old Ottoman Governor of Scutari, who is defending the Albanian city against the ongoing Montenegrin siege, is assassinated in a plot by Essad Pasha Toptani, who takes over the command the following day.

Extreme Weather: A tropical cyclone hits Cairns, Queensland, Australia, taking the roof off the railway station, destroying the local banana crop and lifting houses from their blocks.

Law and Order: at Lewes Prison in England, the “Hooded Man’ (George Mackay, also known as John Williams) is hanged after being convicted earlier this month of murdering (shooting) a policeman in Eastbourne to avoid arrest.

Entertainment: The Sheffield (UK) Daily Telegraph advertises, at the “Sheffield Jungle” :

“Ginger, An Orang-Outang with accomplishments that know no laws. See him [at] The Jungle, daily at (about) 4.10 and 9.10.”


29th January 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY, In Louisville, Kentucky – Victor Mature, famous US film actor whose film career ran for 45 years, from 1939 to 1984.

Women’s suffrage: The Morning Post reports that after a confrontation with police officers at the entrance to the (UK) House of Commons over 20 “suffragists” (sic) , including “General” Drummond and “Miss” Sylvia Pankhurst have been arrested. Following an incitement to “destroy property” windows have been smashed at the Home Office, the Treasury and other Government Departments. The assembled crowds [of men?] had been hostile to the suffragists (?suffragettes), and some had to be “put into cabs or assisted on to omnibuses when matters became threatening”.

Shipping news: The Greek cargo steamer, Aeolus SS, carrying coal from Newport (Wales) to Piraeus in Greece, runs aground and is wrecked on the Wolves Rocks in the Bristol Channel (UK).

Society and Culture: The Nedlands Primary School opens for 33 pupils in Western Australia.

Congratulations, Nedlands Primary School!